Current Affairs






CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 19thMARCH

APPOINTMENT & RESIGNATION



1. IRAQI PRESIDENT APPOINTS ADNAN AL-ZURFI AS NEW PM-DESIGNATE

Iraqi President Barham Salih has appointed Adnan al-Zurfi as the country’s new prime minister.

• Al-Zurfi has 30 days to form his cabinet which he must then put to a vote of confidence in Iraq’s fractious Parliament.

• He will succeed Mohammed Allawi, the 1st politician named by the president as PM-designate who withdrew his candidacy for the post.

• Al-Zurfi was a former governor of the holy Shia city of Najaf & heads the Nasr parliamentary group of former Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi.

• Adel Abdul Mahdi was an interim PM who withdrew his candidature in December 2019 after heavy protest where 40 people were killed by security forces.


2. ARUNDHATI BHATTACHARYA RESIGNS FROM CRISIL BOARD

Arundhati Bhattacharya has submitted her resignation from Crisil board.

• She was serving as the independent director of the Crisil.

• Her resignation will be effective on April 15, 2020. She has submitted her resignation as she will be joining as a Chairperson and CEO for the India operations of Salesforce, USA.

• Arundhati Bhattacharya was the first woman to serve as the Chairman of the State Bank of India.

• Presently, she is also serving as the Chairman of the international payment platform Swift India.


3. A. AJAY KUMAR BECOMES INDIA’S NEXT HIGH COMMISSIONER TO REPUBLIC OF UGANDA

A.Ajay Kumar has been appointed as the next High Commissioner of India to the Republic of Uganda.A.Ajay Kumar has been appointed as the next High Commissioner of India to the Republic of Uganda.

• A. Ajay Kumar is currently posted as the Joint Secretary in the Ministry of External Affairs. Ajay Kumar is a 2001 batch IFS officer.

• Uganda is among the poorest countries on the African continent.

• One-third of the population here is forced to live below the international poverty line.


CONFERENCE & SUMMITS



1. 7TH WORLD CITIES SUMMIT TO BE HELD IN SINGAPORE

The 7th World Cities Summit (WCS) will be held from 5 to 9 July 2020 in Singapore.

• It is organized by Singapore’s Centre for Liveable Cities and the Urban Redevelopment Authority.

  • The theme for WCS 2020 is Livable and Sustainable Cities:
  • Adapting to a Disrupted World.
  • The WCS 2020 is held in conjunction with the Singapore International Water Week (SIWW) and the CleanEnviro Summit Singapore (CESG).
  • Singapore Government invited Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath to the WCS-2020.
  • The WCS was inaugurated in the year 2008 and conducted once in 2 years.
  • This platform brings Government leaders, Industrial experts to forge new partnerships and address liveable and sustainable city challenges, sharing integrated urban solutions and there will be discussions about how cities can cope with climate change, social shifts and technological disruptions with confidence.

  • BOOKS & AUTHORS



    1. MY ENCOUNTERS IN PARLIAMENT AUTHORED BY BHALCHANDRA MUNGEKAR RELEASED

    The book titled My Encounters in Parliament authored by Bhalchandra Mungekar was released.

    • Bhalchandra Mungekar is an Indian economist, a former member of Rajya Sabha.

    • The book released in the presence of former Vice President- Hamid Ansari, Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) chief Sharad Pawar, Communist Party of India (CPI) General Secretary D Raja and CPI (Marxist) General Secretary Sitaram Yechury.


    2. NITIN GADKARI PRESENTS INVINCIBLE-A TRIBUTE TO MANOHAR PARRIKAR TO PRESIDENT

    Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways of India, Nitin Gadkari presented a copy of the book Invincible

    ⇾ A Tribute to Manohar Parrikar to President Ram Nath Kovind at the Rashtrapati Bhawan on the first death anniversary of Manohar Parrikar.

    • The Invincible ⇾ A Tribute to Manohar Parrikar was authored by Tarun Vijay and released by defence minister Rajnath Singh on 16th March 2020.

    • Manohar Parrikar is a former Chief Minister of Goa and also as a Defence Minister of India who passed away on 17th March 2019.


    INDIAN ARMY IN NEWS



    1. DAC APPROVES PROCUREMENT OF TEJAS FIGHTER AIRCRAFT FOR INDIAN AIR FORCE

    The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) has approved the procurement of indigenous Tejas fighter aircraft for Indian Air Force.

    • 83 indigenous Tejas fighter aircrafts will be procured for the Indian Air Force.

    • The new procurement order is expected to provide a major boost to Make in India as the aircraft is indigenously designed.

    • The Tejas aircraft is expected to become the back bone of the IAF’s fleet in the coming future.

    • The Defence Acquisition Council has also approved the acquisition of indigenous defence equipments worth Rs 1,300 crore.


    2. INDIAN NAVY INSTALLS QUARANTINE FACILITY AT VISHAKAPATNAM

    Indian Navy has established a Quarantine Camp at INS Vishwakarma in Eastern Naval Command (ENC).

    • The Quarantine Camp has been set up for Indian nationals being evacuated from COVID-19 affected countries.

    • This is an effort of Indian Navy to augment India’s fight against the spread of COVID-19.

    • The Quarantine Camp has the capacity to accommodate nearly 200 personnel with all appropriate facilities.

    • Indian nationals being evacuated from COVID-19 affected countries will be closely monitored by a team of naval personnel and medical professionals of ENC.

    • The monitoring of evacuated persons will be done in accordance with the protocols laid down by the Department of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India.



    CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 10thMARCH

    INDIAN STATES IN NEWS



    1. COVA PUNJAB MOBILE APP LAUNCHED BY PUNJAB GOVT

    Chief Secretary of Punjab, Karan Avtar Singh has launched a mobile application, COVA Punjab.

    • COVA stands for Corona Virus Alert.

    • This app has been developed by the Department of Government Reforms and Public Grievances in consultation with the Health and Family Welfare Department to spread awareness by sharing various travel and preventive care advisories.

    • The app would inform people to check out for symptoms as provided by the government from time to time and follow the advisory given thereafter.

    • The app also suggests the nearest hospital and nodal officer of the district where the patient can reach in case he/she is symptomatic.

    • The app was available at Android Playstore and iOS app store with name COVA Punjab.


    RECRUITMENT



    1. ASHRAF GHANI SWORN IN FOR SECOND TERM AS AFGHANISTAN PRESIDENT

    Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani was sworn in for a second term as his rival Abdullah Abdullah held a parallel inauguration that could plunge the country deeper into crisis ahead of peace talks with the Taliban.

    • The oath-taking ceremony of Afghan President Ashraf Ghani was attended by hundreds of people, including visiting foreign dignitaries, diplomats, and senior political figures.

    • Ghani was declared as the winner of the election held in September 2019.


    SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY



    1. NASA NAMED MARS 2020 ROVER AS PERSEVERANCE

    NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) announced the name of the 5th Mars (red planet) rover as Perseverance. Previously the rover was known by its codename as Mars 2020.

    • The name was suggested by Alexander Mather, 7th standard student and was announced by Nasa’s director of science, Thomas Zurbuchen at an event in Lake Braddock Secondary School in Burke, Virginia.

    • Nasa’s naming competition asked children to submit their favoured name for the Mars 2020 rover began in August 2019, comprises 4,700 voluntary judges including teachers and space enthusiasts shortlisted nine names and was asked by the public to vote & select the word through online.

    Perseverance : The rover has improved wheel design which is used to collect the samples from the martian rocks and helps scientists to determine about the ancient microbial life that existed in red planet.

    • The Perseverance rover will be the 5th exploratory vehicle after Sojourner, Spirit, Opportunity and Curiosity.


    2. INDIA PLANS TO LAUNCH CHANDRAYAAN-3 BY FIRST HALF OF 2021

    According to the Minister of State in the Prime Minister’s Office, Jitendra Singh, a possible schedule for the launch of Chandrayaan-3 is planned to be implemented in the first half of 2021.

    • The preparation of Chandrayaan-3 has been done by taking lessons from the previously launched Chandrayaan-2, a Moon mission which was launched in 2019, in which the Indian Space and Research Organisation (ISRO)’s Vikram Lander lost contact following a hard landing on the Moon’s surface.

    • Chandrayaan-3 will be designed to increase design, capacity with a cost of around Rs 610 crore, including Rs 360 crore for the launch rocket.

    • ISRO also decided to launch in the same area where Chandrayaan-2 launched, and would have a lander, rover and propulsion module like its predecessor.

    • Jiendra Singh also mentioned India’s manned space mission Gaganyaan project,where 4 biological and 2 physical science experiments related to microgravity have been done.


    UNION’S GOVT. PROGRAMME



    1. UNION GOVT. TO MAKE SANITARY NAPKIN DISPOSAL BAGS MANDATORY FROM JANUARY 2021

    Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar has stated that Sanitary napkin makers will be asked to supply a biodegradable bag with each napkin from January 2021.

    • The possibility of getting infected because of handling used Sanitary Napkins thrown in the garbage was brought to notice by many of the women garbage collectors.

    • That’s why Environment Ministry has taken the decision to ask Makers of Sanitary Napkins to provide biodegradable bags so that Napkins can be wrapped in these bags before being thrown in the garbage.

    • Javadekar announced that the sanitation norms for Corporations and municipalities will now be applied to villages with a population of more than three thousand.



    CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 20thFEBRUARY

    INDIAN STATES IN NEWS



    1. ARUNACHAL PRADESH STATEHOOD DAY: 20TH FEBRUARY

    Arunachal Pradesh is celebrating its 34th Statehood Day on 20th February.

    • Arunachal Pradesh became a full-fledged state on February 20, 1987.

    • Till 1972, it was known as the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA).

    • It gained the Union Territory status on January 20, 1972, and was renamed as Arunachal Pradesh.

    • On 20th February 1987, Arunachal Pradesh became a full-fledged State.

    • Union Home Minister Amit Shah visit Arunachal Pradesh to attend the 34th Statehood Day function.

    • He lay the foundation stone of the new headquarters of the state police.

    • Industrial Investment Policy, 2020 also be launched by Amit Shah and inaugurate the Joram Koloriang Road constructed by the Border Roads Organisation (BRO).


    2. RUN FOR INDIA TEA EVENT ORGANIZED BY TRIPURA TEA BOARD

    Run for India Tea has been organized in collaboration by Tripura Tea Development Corporation (TTDC) and Tea Board of India in Tripura.

    • The event has been organized to further promote and popularise Tripura tea alongside India tea and to boost the tea industry in the state.

    • TTDC is also planning to expand tea supplies through fair price shops across the state.

    • Run for India Tea event was followed by a colourful tableau procession which featured the participation of large number of tea workers wearing traditional dresses.

    • 6,885 hectares of land in Tripura is covered under tea cultivation constituting 58 operational tea gardens among which 42 gardens are owned individually, three are run by Tripura Tea Development Corporation (TTDC) and 13 are operated under cooperative societies.


    3. GOVT OF GUJARAT & SBI SIGN MOU TO FACILITATE MSME LOANS

    The Gujarat government signed an MoU with State Bank of India (SBI) to facilitate approval of loans to entrepreneurs in the MSME sector with ease and within a short time-frame.

    • Within 15 days of making an application, the bank will provide theoretical approval to the project.

    • Start-ups can submit an application on either the MSME portal or to the local nodal agencies.

    • The SBI decided to help MSME entrepreneurs in Gujarat looking at their high recovery rate.

    • The Gujarat state announced that MSME units exempted from taking approvals for the first three years can start operations after getting an acknowledgement certificate from the state nodal agency by submitting declaration of intent.


    SEMINAR, MEETING & CONFERENCE



    1. NEW DELHI HOSTS SYMPOSIUM ON EMERGING OPPORTUNITIES FOR INDIAN TEXTILES & CRAFTS

    Symposium on Emerging Opportunities for Indian Textiles and Crafts was held in New Delhi.

    • The symposium was chaired by Union Minister of Textiles and Women and Child Development Smriti Zubin Irani.

    • Senior officers of the Ministries of Commerce & Industry and Textiles, representatives of Export Promotion Council (EPCs), buying offices and buying agents participated in the symposium.

    • They participated in the symposium to discuss the business opportunities emerging in view of the present scenario of CORONA VIRUS in China.

    • The Union Minister of Textiles Smriti Zubin Irani stressed on the need of diversification of the present opportunities along with increasing domestic capabilities.

    • She also stressed on making India a leader in textiles sector.

    • The symposium was organized by Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts under the aegis of Ministry of Textiles, Government of India.


    2. NITI AAYOG ORGANIZES MEETING ON ACTIVE PHARMACEUTICALS INGREDIENTS INDUSTRY

    National Institution for Transforming India (NITI Aayog) has organized a meeting on Active Pharmaceuticals Ingredients (API) Industry.

    • The meeting was held under the chairmanship of NITI Aayog’s CEO Amitabh Kant to induce growth in the API industry.

    • During the meeting, a detailed presentation on the history and status of the API industry and the challenges faced by it, was presented by the Department of Pharmaceuticals (DoP).

    • It also demonstrated the available options which can make India a powerhouse in Key Starting Materials, Intermediates and Active Pharmaceuticals Ingredients (API).

    • It also discussed the recent measures taken to promote the bulk drug parks in the country.

    • Delegates of Department of Pharmaceuticals, Department of Health Research, Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals and the Department of Expenditure participated in the meeting organized by NITI Aayog to boost growth in API industry.


    3. SEMINAR ON INDIAN DEFENCE EQUIPMENT ORGANIZED IN DHAKA

    Seminar on Indian Defence Equipment was organized in Dhaka by the High Commission of India in Bangladesh.

    • 12 Indian firms participated in the Seminar on Indian Defence Equipment.

    • Objective of the seminar was to pursue further cooperation between India and Bangladesh in the field of defence technologies.

    • The seminar also provided a great opportunity to defence manufacturers from India in building partnerships with Bangladesh.


    SPORTS



    1. INDIA WILL HOST AFC WOMEN’S ASIAN CUP IN 2022

    India is set to stage the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) Women’s Asian Cup in 2022, the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) announced this in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

    • The AFC Women’s Football Committee chose India, which will hold the FIFA Under-17 Women’s World Cup later this year, ahead of Chinese Taipei and Uzbekistan.

    • D Y Patil Stadium in Navi Mumbai, Trans Stadia Arena in Ahmedabad and Fatorda Stadium in Goa have been selected to host matches at the expanded 2022 Women’s Asian Cup, due to feature 12 teams instead of eight.

    • India hosted the tournament in 1979, when the event was organised by the Asian Ladies Football Confederation (ALFC), a separate body which became part of the AFC in 1986.



    CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 18thFEBRUARY

    EXHIBITION, CONFERENCE & SUMMITS



    1. DIFFICULT DIALOGUE 2020 BEGAN IN GOA

    The 5th edition of Difficult Dialogues began in Panji, Goa.

    • Difficult Dialogues (DD) is an annual forum examining issues of contemporary relevance in South Asia.

    • Difficult Dialogues 2020 will focus on the State of Law.

    • The conference will bring together lawyers, some eminent Chief Justices, civil society, media, academic experts, activists, and people working at the community level [in law, education, health, labour,] with government and non-governmental organisations DD 2019 Summit focused on Education: Illuminating the myriad facets.

    • The same was held in partnership with Oxford University, Goa University, ICG, Brookings India, PLAN India, CBPS, NIPFP.


    2. ALL INDIA CONFERENCE OF CAT 2020 HELD IN NEW DELHI

    The annual All India Conference of the Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) was held in New Delhi.

    • The conference was attended by Judicial and Administrative Members from all 17 Benches of CAT from across the country, members of the CAT Bar Association and eminent Jurists, who deliberated on key issues related to the functioning of the Tribunal and priorities for 2020.

    • The Conference was presided over by Union Minister for Law and Justice, Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad.

    • It is a platform to discuss issues related to the work of CAT, including structural and institutional issues, the functioning of administrative tribunals in other legal systems and methodology for the functioning of the tribunal among others.


    3. 3RD GLOBAL MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE ON ROAD SAFETY 2020

    The 3rd edition of the Global Ministerial Conference on Road Safety will be held in Stockholm, Sweden on February 19-20, 2020.

    • The Third Global Ministerial Conference (Ministerial Conference) aims to reach high-level consensus for continued global road safety targets and collaboration up to 2030.

    • The theme of the two-day conference is Achieving Global Goals 2030.

    • The event is being co-sponsored by the Government of Sweden with support from the World Health Organization.

    • The Indian delegation will be led by Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways Mr Nitin Gadkari.


    GOVERNMENT’S PROGRAM



    1. PM MODI INAUGURATES KASHI EK ROOP ANEK EXHIBITION IN VARANASI

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated cultural arts and handicrafts exhibition named Kashi Ek Roop Anek organized at Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.

    • Kashi Ek Roop Anek showcased products from over 10,000 artisans from all over Uttar Pradesh.

    • In this event, the Uttar Pradesh government had launched the ambitious scheme One District, One Product (ODOP) in which one craft per district was identified.

    • The state government has established raw material banks, testing labs, common facility centres, and facilitated direct market access to artisans and weavers and helping them improve their income.


    2. PM MODI LAUNCH DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS WORTH OVER RS.1200 CRORE IN VARANASI

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched 50 development projects worth over 1,200 crore rupees at Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh.

    • These projects include a 430-bed super speciality Government hospital, a 74-bed psychiatry hospital and Centre for Vedic Research at Kashi Hindu Vishwavidyalaya (BHU), at BHU.

    • PM Modi also inaugurate the Chaukaghat Lehartara Overbridge in the city which will ease the traffic near the railway station.

    • PM Modi also flagged off the Kashi Mahakaal Express to link Varanasi, Ujjain and Omkareshwar and dedicated to the nation the Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Memorial Centre.

    • At Pandav area of Chandauli district, Prime Minister also unveiled the 63 feet Statue of Pt Deendayal Upadhyaya.

    • This is the largest statue of the leader in the country.


    SPORTS



    1. KONERU HUMPY WINS CAIRNS CUP CHESS TOURNAMENT

    India’s Koneru Humpy wins Cairns Cup chess tournament held at St.Louis, United States.

    • She won the title after finishing 6 points off 9 rounds.

    • Reigning world champion Ju Wenjun finished with 5.5 points secured 2nd place while Russia’s Alexandra Kosteniuk came 3rd who finished with 5 points followed by Ukranian Mariya Muzychek with 5 points and India’s Harika Dronavalli secured 5th with 4.5 points.

    • This tournament consists of 9 round classical events & top 3 finishers will receive $45,000, $35,000 & $25,000 respectively.


    2. UNITED BY EMOTIONS CHOOSEN AS TOKYO 2019 OLYMPIC MOTTO

    The Tokyo 2020 Organising Committee has revealed the official Games motto: United by Emotion.

    • The motto emphasises the power of sport to bring together people from diverse backgrounds of every kind and allow them to connect and celebrate in a way that reaches beyond their differences.

    • The official Olympic motto is Citius, Altius, Fortius or Faster, Higher, Stronger, but each host city chooses its own motto to accompany that edition of the Games.

    • The Games will bring together athletes from more than 200 National Olympic Committees and the Refugee Olympic Team, as well as millions of spectators & media representatives.


    MISCELLANEOUS



    1. GOI RENAMES IDSA AS MANOHAR PARRIKAR INSTITUTE FOR DEFENCE STUDIES & ANALYSIS

    The Union government has decided to rename The Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA) as Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses.

    • The decision has been taken to honour late Manohar Parrikar, former defence minister and Padma Bhushan awardee.

    • Manohar Parrikar biggest contribution was towards the implementation of long-standing One Rank One Pension (OROP) demand for the armed forces.

    • The defence minister chairs the Executive committee of the lnstitute’s society. Mr Parrikar was defence minister from November 9, 2014, to March 14, 2017.

    • The IDSA was established as a registered society in New Delhi in 1965, dedicated to objective research and policy-relevant studies on all aspects of defence and security.

    • The Institute aims to promote national and international security through the generation and dissemination of knowledge on defence and security-related issues.

    • To achieve its goals, the institute undertakes scholarly research, policy-oriented research, dissemination of research findings, training and capacity building and public education.


    2. AMBALA CITY BUS STAND TO BE RENAMED AFTER LATE SUSHMA SWARAJ

    The Haryana government has decided to rename the Ambala City bus stand after former Union minister late Sushma Swaraj.

    • The bus stand will now be called Sushma Swaraj Bus Stand.

    • It is a mark of tribute to Swaraj, launched on 14 February, the birth anniversary of the leader, who was born in Ambala Cantt.

    • The Ambala City bus stand has been reconstructed at a cost of Rs 18 crore after it was demolished in 2007.



    CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 17thFEBRUARY

    APPOINTMENTS



    1. ARVIND KEJRIWAL TAKES OATH AS CM OF DELHI FOR THIRD TIME

    Arvind Kejriwal takes oath as Chief Minister of Delhi for the third consecutive time in Ramlila Maidan.

    • Mr. Kejriwal had earlier taken the oath of Chief Minister in 2013 and 2015 in the Ramlila Maidan.

    • Ramlila Maidan served as the battleground for the 51-year-old bureaucrat turned-politician during India Against Corruption movement in 2011.

    • Lieutenant Governor Anil Baijal administered the oath of office and secrecy to Mr. Kejriwal and his Cabinet colleagues.

    • Six Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) including Manish Sisodia and Gopal Rai were sworn in as cabinet ministers along with Aam Aadmi Party chief Arvind Kejriwal.

    • Arvind Kejriwal’s new cabinet does not have any female representation.

    The six cabinet ministers for Delhi is given below:

    1. Manish Sisodia

    2. Satyendar Jain

    3. Gopal Rai

    4. Kailash Gehlot

    5. Imran Hussain

    6. Rajendra Pal Gautam


    2. INDIAN-ORIGIN MINISTER ALOK SHARMA TO LEAD UN CLIMATE CHANGE

    Indian-origin Alok Sharma was named the new UK Minister in charge of the crunch UN climate talks to be hosted by Britain.

    • He has been promoted to the post of Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy in UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s Cabinet reshuffle.

    • He will take charge of the crucial summit COP26 as its former president was removed amid controversy.


    SPORTS



    1. SAURAV GHOSAL & JOSHNA CHINAPPA CLINCHED 77TH SENIOR NATIONAL SQUASH CHAMPIONSHIP

    Saurav Ghosal and Joshna Chinappa won the 77th Senior National squash championships in Man’s and woman’s category respectively in Chennai.

    • The top-ranked Indian players justified their billing to bag the men’s and women’s titles for a record 13th and 18th time respectively.

    • Saurav Ghosal clinically dismantled Abhishek Pradhan 11-6, 11-5, 11-6 in the men’s final while Joshna Chinappa defeated a minor scare to outlast Tanvi Khanna 8-11, 11-6, 11-4, 11-7 in the women’s summit clash.


    2. DONALD TRUMP TO INAUGURATE WORLD’S LARGEST CRICKET STADIUM IN AHMEDABAD

    The World’s Biggest Cricket Stadium, the Motera Stadium in Ahmedabad renamed as the Sardar Vallabhbhai Stadium will be inaugurated by US President Donald Trump during his visit to India.

    • The stadium has a capacity of 1.10 lakh people.

    • Sardar Vallabhbhai Stadium emerged as the World’s Biggest Cricket Stadium after the previous 53000-seater Motera Stadium was demolished back in 2015.


    AWARDS



    1. 65TH AMAZON FILMFARE AWARDS 2020:

    The 65th Amazon Filmfare Awards 2020 hosted in Awesome Assam on 15th February 2020.

    • The event was hosted by Karan Johar (film director), Bollywood actor Vicky Kaushal and Varun Dhawan.

    • Zoya Akhtar’s Gully Boy won Best Actor and Actress trophy.

    Check the complete list of Bollywood celebrities, who won big at the 65th Amazon Filmfare Awards 2020-

    Best Film- Gully Boy

    Best Director- Zoya Akhtar for Gully Boy

    Best Film (Critics)- Article 15 (Anubhav Sinha) and Sonchiriya (Abhishek Chaubey)

    Best Actor In A Leading Role (Male)- Ranveer Singh for Gully Boy

    Best Actor (Critics)- Ayushmann Khurrana for Article 15

    Best Actor In A Leading Role (Female)- Alia Bhatt for Gully Boy

    Best Actress (Critics)- Bhumi Pednekar and Taapsee Pannu for Saand Ki Aankh

    Best Actor In A Supporting Role (Female)- Amruta Subhash for Gully Boy

    Best Actor In A Supporting Role (Male)- Siddhant Chaturvedi for Gully Boy

    Best Music Album- Gully Boy: Zoya Akhtar-Ankur Tewari and Kabir Singh: Mithoon, Amaal Mallik, Vishal Mishra, Sachet–Parampara and Akhil Sachdeva

    Best Lyrics- Divine and Ankur Tewari for Apna Time Aayega (Gully Boy)

    Best Playback Singer (Male)- Arijit Singh for Kalank Nahi Ishq Hai Kajal Piya (Kalank)

    Best Playback Singer (Female)- Shilpa Rao for Ke Ghungroo Toot Gaye (War)

    Best Debut Director- Aditya Dhar for Uri: The Surgical Strike

    Best Debut Actor- Abhimanyu Dassani for ‘Mard Ko Dard Nahi Hota’

    Best Debut Actress- Ananya Pandey for Student Of The Year 2 and Pati Patni Aur Woh

    Best Original Story- Article 15 (Anubhav Sinha and Gaurav Solanki)

    Best Screenplay- Gully Boy (Reema Kagti and Zoya Akhtar)

    Best Dialogue- Gully Boy (Vijay Maurya)

    Lifetime Achievement Award- Ramesh Sippy

    Excellence In Cinema- Govinda

    RD Burman Award For Upcoming Music Talent- Sashwat Sachdev for URI


    SUMMIT & CONFERENCE



    1. PM MODI INAUGURATE UN CONVENTION ON MIGRATORY SPECIES

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the 13th Conference of Parties (COP) of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) at Gandhinagar, Gujarat.

    • The theme of the Conference is Migratory species connect the planet and we welcome them home.

    • The CMS COP 13 logo is inspired by Kolam, a traditional art form from southern India.

    • In the logo, Kolam art form is used to depict key migratory species in India like Amur falcon, humpback whale and marine turtles.

    • As the host, India will be designated the President for the next three years.

    • India is a signatory to the Convention on Conservation of Migratory wild Animals since 1983.


    2. BIO ASIA SUMMIT 2020 BEGINS IN HYDERABAD

    The Government of Telangana hosting Bio-Asia Summit 2020 in Hyderabad between February 17, 2020, and February 19, 2020.

    • The main objective of the summit is to explore the capabilities of Life Science Companies and their investments.

    • The theme of the Summit is:
    Today for Tomorrow.

    • The summit will be attended by researchers, investors, conglomerates, start-ups and health care representatives.

    • They will focus on the needs of the evolving Life Science industry.


    3. IFAD GOVERNING COUNCIL 2020 HELD IN ROME,ITALY

    The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) 43rd Governing Council meeting was held in Rome, Italy.

    • The 43rd sessions will focus on the overarching theme Investing in sustainable food systems to end hunger by 2030.

    • The theme highlights how IFAD’s role and experience in supporting sustainable, inclusive, nutritious and efficient food systems uniquely place it in a position to contribute to Sustainable Development Goals (SDG2).

    • During the meet, the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) stated that the sequences of climate change and its impacts on agriculture will push around 100 million people to poverty by 2030.

    IFAD Establishment: 1977.

    IFAD President: Gilbert F. Houngbo.

    IFAD Headquarters: Rome, Italy.


    INSTITUTION IN NEWS



    1. SEBI CONSTITUTES MUNICIPAL BONDS DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

    Markets regulator Sebi has constituted a Municipal Bonds Development Committee headed by Sujit Prasad.

    • This committee will suggest on policy matters pertaining to the development of municipal debt securities and facilitate municipalities for issuance of such bonds.

    • This committee comprises representatives from municipal corporations, lawyers, professionals and market practitioners.

    • The panel will advise Sebi on issues related to regulation and development of the primary and secondary market of municipal debt securities.


    2. SOUTH CENTRAL RAILWAYS ZONE BECOMES 1ST IN INDIA TO HAVE ENERGY-NEUTRAL STATIONS

    The Indian Railways South Central Railways (SCR) zone has become the 1st zonal railway in the country to have functional energy neutral railway stations on the network.

    • The South Central Railways has converted a total of 13 railway stations into energy neutral stations, which is the highest amongst all the zones across the Indian Railways network.

    • The energy-neutral railway stations are capable of meeting 100 per cent energy requirements by tapping into solar power through solar photovoltaic panels which have been commissioned at the station buildings.

    ⇾ Ghatkesar station of the Secunderabad division has solar panels with an installed capacity of 10 kWp

    ⇾ Dharur station of the Secunderabad division has solar panels with an installed capacity of 5 kWp

    ⇾ Raghunathpalli station of the Secunderabad division has solar panels with an installed capacity of 5 kWp

    ⇾ Mellacheruvu station of the Secunderabad division has solar panels with an installed capacity of 5 kWp

    ⇾ Ontimitta station of the Guntakal division has solar panels with an installed capacity of 7.5 kWp

    ⇾ Kadiyam station of the Vijayawada division has solar panels with an installed capacity of 10 kWp

    ⇾ Dwarapudi station of the Vijayawada division has solar panels with an installed capacity of 10 kWp

    ⇾ Godavari station of the Vijayawada division has solar panels with an installed capacity of 10 kWp

    ⇾ Dharmabad station of the Hyderabad division has solar panels with an installed capacity of 11.6 kWp

    ⇾ Sivungaon station of the Hyderabad division has solar panels with an installed capacity of 2.2 kWp

    ⇾ Umri station of the Hyderabad division has solar panels with an installed capacity of 17.43 kWp

    ⇾ Karkheli station of the Hyderabad division has solar panels with an installed capacity of 2.2 kWp

    ⇾ Karkheli station of the Hyderabad division has solar panels with an installed capacity of 2.2 kWp



    CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 15thFEBRUARY

    AWARD



    1. INDIA’S PIONEERING FEMINIST GITA SEN WINS DAN DAVID PRIZE 2020

    Indian feminist scholar, activist Gita Sen has won the prestigious Dan David Prize 2020 under present category.

    • TShe has worked hard in the fields of women’s rights, reproductive and sexual health and poverty eradication.

    • Sen is the director of the Ramalingaswami Centre on Equity and Social Determinants of Health at the Public Health Foundation of India.

    • Dan David Prize given by Dan David Foundation (headquartered at Tel Aviv University, Israel) this award carries prize of US$ 1 million for achievements having an outstanding scientific, technological, cultural or social impact on our world.

    • Each year fields are chosen within the 3 time dimensions – Past, Present and Future.


    2. BIOASIA 2020 ANNOUNCES GENOME VALLEY EXCELENCE AWARDS

    BioAsia 2020 has announced the Genome Valley Excellence Award.

    • American immunologist and oncologist Dr. Carl H June and Novartis CEO Dr. Vasant Narsimhan will be presented this award for their contributions to life sciences.

    • The function will be organized by the Telangana government annual global biotechnology & life sciences forum.

    • Dr. Carl H June will be awarded for his work in immunotherapy, research in development of CAR-T (Chimeric Antigen Receptor- T cells) for treatment of cancer & commercialization of world’s first FDA (Food and Drug Administration, United States)- approved gene therapy.

    • Dr. Narasimhan has been selected for his new vision in the pharmaceutical business in digital technology and healthcare.

    • He also worked in the development of 20 novel medicines, including advanced cells, gene therapy as well as vaccines and also worked on the public health issues particularly in developing countries.


    APPOINTMENTS



    1. RAJIV BANSAL BECOMES NEW CMD OF AIR INDIA

    Senior IAS officer Rajiv Bansal was named the Chairman and Managing Director of national carrier Air India.

    • He succeeds Ashwani Lohani.

    • The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet approved his appointment as CMD of Air India.

    • Bansal, a 1988 batch officer of the Nagaland cadre, held the post of Additional Secretary, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.


    2. G NARAYANAN TO HEAD SPACE PSU NEW SPACE INDIA LTD

    Veteran space scientist G Narayanan has been named the chairman of Indian Space Research Organisation’s newly formed commercial entity New Space India Ltd (NSIL).

    • He was earlier working as deputy director (systems reliability and quality assurance) at the Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC), a Thiruvananthapuram-based unit of Isro that designs, develops liquid propulsion stages for launch vehicles.

    • Narayanan, who hails from Kerala’s Palakkad, had earlier worked as first secretary (space) at the Indian embassy in Paris.

    • An alumnus of the College of Engineering, Thiruvananthapuram, Narayanan joined Isro in 1983.

    • NSIL was set up on March 2019 to meet the ever-increasing demands of the Indian space programme and commercially exploit the emerging global space market.

    • It will also manufacture the small satellite launch vehicle (SSLV) or mini-PSLV in collaboration with the private sector and help in the production of the polar satellite launch vehicle (PSLV) and other space-based products through the industry.


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    3. RISHI SUNAK APPOINTED AS UK’S NEW FINANCE MINISTER

    Rishi Sunak has been appointed as the Finance Minister of the United Kingdom.

    • He will replace Pakistani Chancellor Sajid Javid. Now three Indian origin Members of Parliament are a part of Britain’s most diverse cabinet led by UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson.

    • Along with Rishi Sunak, Priti Patel has been appointed as the Home Minister and Alok Sharma has been appointed as the Business Secretary in the British Cabinet.

    • An alumnus of the College of Engineering, Thiruvananthapuram, Narayanan joined Isro in 1983.

    • NSIL was set up on March 2019 to meet the ever-increasing demands of the Indian space programme and commercially exploit the emerging global space market.

    • It will also manufacture the small satellite launch vehicle (SSLV) or mini-PSLV in collaboration with the private sector and help in the production of the polar satellite launch vehicle (PSLV) and other space-based products through the industry.


    SPORTS



    1. KIREN RIJIJU ANNOUNCES LADAKH & J&k WILL HOST KHELO INDIA WINTER GAMES 2020

    Sports Minister Kiren Rijiju has announced Khelo India winter games 2020 which will be held in the Union Territory of Ladakh later this month followed by a similar event in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir in March.

    • The Khelo India Ladakh Winter Games will feature an open ice hockey championship, figure skating and speed skating and the competition will be conducted at the block, district and UT levels with the expected participation of about 1700 athletes.

    • The competitions of the Khelo India J&K Winter Games will be held at Kongdori, Gulmarg in four age categories for both boys and girls.

    • Athletes in the age categories of 19-21 years, 17-18 years, 15-16 years and 13-14 years can compete in alpine skiing, cross country skiing, snowboarding and snowshoeing.


    DEATH



    1. NOBEL PRIZE AWARDEE RAJENDRA KUMAR PACHAURI PASSED AWAY

    Former Chairman and Director General of The Energy Resources Institute (TERI) Rajindra Kumar Pachauri passed away.

    • He was born on 20 August 1940 in Nainital, Uttarakhand.

    • He chaired the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) panel from 2002 until he resigned in 2015 after an employee at his research firm accused him of sexual harassment.

    • Pachauri received the Nobel Peace Prize on behalf of the IPCC, with the former United States (US) Vice President, Al Gore, for the year 2007.

    • He also received Padma Vibhushan in 2008 & Padma Bhushan in 2001 from the Government of India.


    2. PADMA SHRI AWARDEE WENDELL RODRICKS PASSED AWAY

    Famous Indian fashion designer Wendell Rodricks passed away.

    • He was awarded Padma Shri in 2014 and also Chevalier de L’ordre des Arts et Lettres by the French Ministry of Culture in 2015.

    • He wrote books namely: The Greenroom, Poskem: Goans in the shadows, Moda Goa- History & Style.


    ECONOMICS NEWS



    1. BANK OF RUSSIA GIVES LICENSE TO GIC RE FOR REINSURANCE BUSINESS

    India’s reinsurance company, General Insurance Corporation of India (GIC Re) has received the license from Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Bank of Russia) to commence reinsurance business in Russia.

    • The license enables the subsidiary to commence transacting domestic and international reinsurance business in Russia based on the capital invested by the Corporation.


    INDIAN STATES, UNION TERRITORIES & CITIES IN NEWS



    1. OPERATION NAKAIL FOR AUTO-RICKSHAWS IN GHAZIABAD

    The Ghaziabad police launched Operation Nakail under which the identity of all auto-rickshaw drivers will be verified and a unique four-digit number will be allotted to them.

    • The drivers will be required to get the unique number printed on the front, left, right and rear side of the auto-rickshaws.

    • Customers can file complaints using the number if they face any harassment.



    CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 13thFebruary

    AWARDS



    1. SOUTH INDIAN BANK BAGGED TWO AWARDS AT THE BANKING TECHNOLOGY 2019 AWARDS BY IBA

    South Indian Bank has bagged two awards at the Banking Technology 2019 awards instituted by the Indian Banks’ Association.

    • This event was held in Indian Bank Association’s 15th Annual Banking Technology Conference, Expo and Awards held in Mumbai, Maharashtra.

    • The South Indian Bank emerged the winner in the Most Customer-Centric Bank Using Technology category and runner up in the Best Payments Initiative category amongst small Banks.

    South Indian Bank MD & CEO : V.G. Mathew.

    South Indian Bank headquarters :Thrissur, Kerala.

    South Indian Bank founded: 1929.

    South Indian Bank Tagline : Experience Next Generation Banking.


    2. PRESIDENT PRESENT’S PRESIDENT’S COLOUR TO INS SHIVAJI

    President Ram Nath Kovind presented President’s Colour to the INS Shivaji at a ceremony in Lonavala, Maharashtra.

    • INS Shivaji was commissioned in 1945.

    • It is now the premier technical training establishment of the Indian Navy with the motto Kar-masu Kaushalam.

    • INS Shivaji imparts training in an engineering discipline to personnel of the Navy, Coast Guard, other sister services and allied countries.

    • It has trained over two lakh officers and sailors, both Indian and international, since inception.

    • All courses conducted at INS Shivaji are recognised by the All India Council for Technical Education.


    CONFERENCE & SEMINAR



    1. MUMBAI WILL HOST DISASTER RISK FINANCING, INSURANCE & RISK TRANSFER WORKSHOP

    National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM) will organize the National Workshop on Disaster Risk Financing, Insurance and Risk Transfer in partnership with Insurance Institute of India.

    • The workshop will be held in Mumbai, Maharashtra.

    • The National Workshop on Disaster Risk Financing, Insurance and Risk Transfer will concentrate on the significance of financial resilience in areas frequently struck by natural disasters.

    • It will also stress on the government’s agenda Work towards risk coverage for all-starting from poor households to SMEs to multi-national corporations to nation states and Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) for Resilience.

    • The workshop will also deliberate on the issues in assessment of insurance faced by different stakeholders.

    • The delegates from Asian Development Bank, World Bank, United Nations Development Programme along with other multilateral organizations will participate in the workshop.


    2. NATIONAL WORKSHOP ON E-OFFICE HELD IN NEW DELHI

    National Workshop on e-office was inaugurated in New Delhi by Union Minister of State for Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Dr Jitendra Singh.

    • During the National Workshop on e-office, Centralized Public Grievance Redress And Monitoring System (CPGRAMS) Reforms also launched by the minister.

    • After the launch, he stated that the number of public grievances has increased to 19 lakh at present from 2 lakh in 2014.

    • The Government of India in 2019 has received 18.7 lakh public grievances and disposed 18.1 lakh of them.

    • The Centralized Public Grievance Redress And Monitoring System (CPGRAMS) 7.0 version has mapped the last mile grievance officers hence saving the time as well as improving the quality of disposal of cases.

    • The CPGRAMS aligns with the Government of India’s vision of Minimum Government-Maximum Governance.


    3. BIMSTEC DISASTER MANAGEMENT EXERCISE 2020 BEGINS IN BHUBANESWAR

    BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise 2020 has been started in Bhubaneswar, Odisha.

    • The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is organizing the BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise 2020 on behalf of the Government of India.

    • The BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise was inaugurated by Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik.

    • The representatives of BIMSTEC member countries from India, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka are participating in the exercise.

    • Thailand and Bhutan are not participating this year.

    • The BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise 2020 organized by NDRF aims to test the existing emergency procedures for notification, preparedness and emergency response, during a major earthquake and flood scenarios.

    • It also aims to improve the coordination and co-operation involving multi-agency operations in an earthquake, flooding and storm surge.

    • The exercise will also test the coordination among the multi-stakeholders which involves international, national, state, district and local agencies, during a disaster scenario.


    IMPORTANCE OF THE DAY



    1. UN CELEBRATES WORLD RADIO DAY ON 13TH OF FEBRUARY

    The United Nations annually celebrates World Radio Day on 13th of February.

    • The United Nations observes World Radio Day to raise greater awareness among the public and the media of the importance of radio.

    • It also encourages the decision makers to establish and provide accessibility to information through radio.

    • It also aims to enhance the networking and international cooperation among broadcasters.

    • On the 9th edition of the World Radio Day, UNESCO has appealed to radio stations to uphold diversity, both in their newsroom as well as on the airwaves.

    The 9th edition of World Radio Day is divided into three main sub-themes:

    ⇾ Advocating for pluralism in radio, including a mix of public, private and community broadcasters.

    ⇾ Encouraging representation in the newsroom, with teams comprised of diverse society groups.

    ⇾ Promoting a diversity of editorial content and programme types reflecting the variety of the audiences.


    BOOKS



    1. DHARMENDRA RAI’S BOOK THE THIN MIND MAP BOOK LAUNCHED

    The Thin Mind Map Book authored by a mind mapping & brain literacy pioneer Dharmendra Rai, was launched recently.

    • The book aims to give people an experience in mind mapping and making them expert through reading and doing all the experiential exercises mentioned in the book.

    • Dharmendra Rai is a mind mapping & brain literacy pioneer and has a world record of conducting more than 380 mind mapping seminars in under 10 years.

    • He was also the first person in the world to talk on TEDx on Creativity & Mind Mapping.


    SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY



    1. LARGEST AIR QUALITY MONITORING NETWORK OF INDIA TO BE INSTALLED IN MUMBAI

    The Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) has approved the setting up of an air quality monitoring network of 90 stations in Mumbai, Maharashtra.

    • The air quality monitoring network of 90 stations will make it the largest such network in India, overtaking Delhi, which is currently having 38 monitors.

    • Location-wise updates on the quality of air will be provided by these stations.

    • The air quality monitoring network project will be funded by the BMC and private players and is expected to be finished in the next five years.



    CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 12thFEBRUARY

    AWARDS



    1. 13TH EDITION OF ESPN CRICINFO AWARDS 2019

    ESPNcricinfo (sports news website) announced the 13th edition of the Annual ESPNcricinfo Awards 2019.

    • The awards were presented under 12 categories & selected by a jury comprising former cricketers, ESPNcricinfo senior editors, writers & global correspondents.

    Here is the list of winners:

    1. Captain of the year Eoin Morgan (England)
    2. Test batting performance of the year Kusal Perera (Sri Lanka)
    3. Test bowling performance of the year Kemar Roach (West Indies)
    4. ODI batting performance of the year Ben Stokes (England)
    5. ODI bowling performance of the year Matt Henry (New Zealand)
    6. T20I batting performance of the year Gleen Maxwell (Australia)
    7. T20I bowling performance of the year Lasith Malinga (Sri Lanka)
    8. Debutant of the year Jofra Archer (England)
    9. Women’s batting performance of the year Meg Lanning (Australia)
    10. Women’s bowling performance of the year Ellyse Perry (Australia)
    11. Associate batting performance of the year George Munsey (Scotland)
    12. Associate bowling performance of the year Bilal Khan (Oman)
    2. FIH NAMES LALREMSIAMI AS 2019 FIH WOMEN’S RISING STAR OF THE YEAR

    The International Hockey Federation has named Indian striker Lalremsiami as 2019 FIH Women’s Rising Star of Year.

    • Indian forward player Lalremsiami was awarded after beating Argentina’s Julieta Jankunas and Frederique Matla of the Netherlands in the contest in which she recieved 40 per cent of all the votes cast. Lalremsiami’s game was recognized first time in the wider hockey consciousness during the Hockey Women’s World Cup held in 2018 where she was one of the stand-out players of the tournament. She made her debut in 2017 in a test series against Belarus.

    • She has been the top goalscorer twice in her career, first in a test series against Korea in 2017 and then against the Spain in 2019. She belongs to Mizoram.


    CONFERENCE & SEMINAR



    1. NSG ORGANISES 20TH INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR AGAINST TERRORISM AT MANESAR,HARYANA

    National Security Guard (NSG) has organised the 20th International Seminar on Comprehends the Evolving Contours of Terrorism & IED Threat-Wayahead for the Security Community at Manesar, Haryana.

    • The seminar was inaugurated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, G. Kishan Reddy.

    • Senior Police and security officers, and delegates from various countries are participating in the Seminar. A wide spectrum of Counter Terrorism and Counter-IED issues in wil be covered in the two-day seminar.

    • During the seminar, the MoS for Home Affairs appealed to the Global community to join hands to form a united front against the common enemy i.e. terrorism.

    • He also emphasized the importance of improving the Improvised Explosive Device (IED) detection and to enhance our capabilities to prevent such attacks.

    • He also presented the Counter-IED Innovators awards and released the 30th volume of The Bomshell.


    2. NATIONAL WATER CONFERENCE HELD IN MADYA PRADESH

    National Water Conference was held in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.

    • The Conference was inaugurated by Chief Minister Kamal Nath.

    • The importance and revival of traditional water sources, right to water, river rejuvenation campaign in Madhya Pradesh and many other related topics are being discussed during the four sessions of the conference.

    • The experts discussed that water conservation technological development should be included with traditional means to solve the growing water crisis.


    IMPORTANCE OF THE DAY



    1. NATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY DAY OBSERVED GLOBALLY ON 12TH FEBRUARY

    National Productivity Day is observed on 12 February annually.

    • The day is celebrated by the National Productivity Council (NPC) to promote productivity culture in India.

    • National Productivity Council (NPC) under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry Government of India is a premier institution for propagating productivity movement in India.

    • NPC works for providing solutions towards accelerating productivity, enhancing competitiveness, increasing productivity.

    The seven days period from 12th February to 18th February 2020 as

    Productivity Week throughout the country.

    CHAIRMAN of NPC : Guruprasad Mahapatra

    DG of NPC : Arun Kumar Jha



    FESTIVAL



    1. 1ST JERUJALEM-MUMBAI FESTIVAL TO BE HELD IN MUMBAI

    The first Jerusalem-Mumbai Festival will be held in the Mumbai, Maharashtra.

    • This festival is organised to showcase the special links between the two cities and to promote ties between India and Israel.

    • Famous Israeli cinema, The Mossad, will be screened at the festival in the presence of the movie director Alon Gur Arye.

    • The two-day festival will promote artistic cooperation in the fields of culture, such as culinary art, music and dance.

    • The event is also an opportunity to promote collaborations between Jerusalem and Maharashtra in the cultural domain and will serve as another milestone in the growing partnership between the two countries.


    Important Days



    1. National Mathematics Day: 22 December

    National Mathematics Day is celebrated on 22nd December every year to mark the birth anniversary of legendary mathematician, Srinivasa Ramanujan and his contributions in the development of modern mathematics.

    • This year nation celebrates his 132nd Birth Anniversary.

    • Ramanujan had a wealth of ideas that have transformed and reshaped 20th-century mathematics.

    • These ideas continue to shape mathematics of the 21st century.

    • The main objective behind the celebration of National Mathematics Day is to make people aware of the development of mathematics and its importance in the growth of humanity.


    MISCELLANEOUS



    1. ELEPHANT & INDIAN BUSTARD TO BE INCLUDED IN INDIA’S GLOBAL CONSERVATION LIST

    India to include the Asian Elephant and the Great Indian Bustard in the list of species that merit heightened conservation measures.

    • The list will be debated at the 13th Conference of Parties (COP) of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS), an environment treaty under the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

    • Along with these, seven species that include Dugong, Whale Shark, Marine Turtle (two species), have been identified for preparation of Conservation and Recovery Action Plan.

    The COP is scheduled to be organised from February 17 to 22 in Gandhinagar, Gujarat. here are 130 parties to the convention and India has been a member since 1983.

    2. WHO OFFICIALLY NAMES CORONAVIRUS DISEASE AS COVID-19

    The World Health Organization (WHO) has officially named the disease caused by the new coronavirus as Covid-2019.

    • The new name Covid-2019 has been taken from the words corona, virus and disease, with 2019 representing the year in which it emerged.

    • The word coronavirus refers to the group of viruses it belongs to.

    • The naming of the disease was done as the researchers were calling for an official name of the disease to avoid confusion and stigmatisation of any group or country.

    • The virus was also designated as SARS-CoV-2 by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses.



    CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 11th February

    JOINT MILITARY EXERCISE



    1. INDIA & UK TO HOLD JOINT MILITARY DRILL AJEYA WARRIOR

    India and the United Kingdom will conduct their 5th edition of joint military exercise Ajeya Warrior-2020 at Salisbury Plains, the United Kingdom from February 13-26.

    • The exercise is being held from 2005.

    The exercise will comprise of 120 soldiers each from Indian and United Kingdom Army who would be sharing their experiences gained during conduct of various counter-insurgency and counter-terrorist operations in the past. e. The participants have also been trained in combat shooting, rock craft training, Jungle survival and martial arts for unarmed combat.


    INDIAN STATES,UNION TERRITORIES & CITIES IN NEWS



    1. INDIA’S FIRST GLASS FLOOR SUSPENSION BRIDGE TO BE BUILT IN RISHIKESH

    The Uttarakhand Government has approved the design of a glass floor suspension bridge, the first of its kind in the country to have a floor made of toughened transparent glass.

    • This bridge will be built across the River Ganga in Rishikesh.

    • The bridge is as an alternative to the iconic Lakshman Jhula, almost 94 years old, which was closed in 2019 due to safety reasons.

    • The bridge design has been prepared by the Public Works Department (PWD).


    2. TRIPURA ORGANISES ITS 1ST-EVER HORNBILL FESTIVAL

    The 1st-ever Hornbill festival of Tripura was celebrated in Agartala.

    • The aim to conserve the striking forest bird Hornbill and to boost the livelihood of the people through tourism.

    • Chief Minister (CM) Biplab Kumar Dev inaugurated the festival at Baramura hill (in western Tripura).

    • The Hornbill festival, named after the Indian Hornbill, the large and colourful forest bird which is displayed in the folklore of most of the tribals in northeast India, usually takes place in the first week of December every year since 2000 at Naga Heritage village Kisama, about 12 km from Nagaland capital Kohima.

    DEATH



    1. VETERAN CRICKET JOURNALIST RAJU BHARATAN PASSES AWAY

    Noted cricket journalist and film historian Raju Bharatan passed away.

    • Bharatan, who wrote on Indian cricket and Bollywood music, worked for a weekly features magazine, The Illustrated Weekly of India, and an Indian films weekly newspaper, Screen.


    2. PADMA SHRI AWARDEE GIRIRAJ KISHORE PASSES AWAY

    Hindi novelist and Padma Shri awardee Giriraj Kishore passed away.

    • He was best known for his novel Pehla Girmitiya that was based on Mahatma Gandhi”s stay in South Africa.

    • He was awarded the Padma Shri by the President of India and was the recipient of the Sahitya Akademi award.

    • He was also conferred the Vyas Samman in 2000, and an honorary PhD by Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj University in 2002.

    NATIONAL & INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE



    1. ENGIEXPO 2020 TO BE HELD IN VADODARA, GUJARAT

    The 6th edition of the mega industrial exhibition Engiexpo 2020 is being organised in Vadodara, Gujarat from February 15 to 17, 2020.

    • The three-day mega exhibition will be organised by the Federation of Small Scale Industries (FSSI), to promote Made in India products.

    • Over 10,000 industrial products will be showcased in more than 300 stalls.

    • Several companies from Uzbekistan are also participating in the exhibition.

    Federation of Small Scale Industries President : Dhankesh Patel.

    Federation of Small Scale Industries Headquarters : Vadodara, Gujarat.


    2. MUMBAI HOSTS NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON E-GOVERNANCE

    National Conference on e-Governance 2020 was held in Mumbai, Maharashtra.

    • The Mumbai Declaration was adopted on the concluding day of the National Conference on e-Governance.

    • The theme of the conference is: India 2020: Digital Transformation.

    • The National e-Governance Awards 2020 were also presented during the conference.

    • The National Conference on E-Governance was organised jointly by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India and Department of Information Technology, Government of Maharashtra.

    • In the National Conference on e-Governance 2020, use of digital technologies in transforming the governance was discussed along the issues, opportunities and challenges faced during this transformation process. During the conference, Union Minister Dr Jitendra Singh stated that the e-Governance is very essential to achieve good governance.


    3. 33RD AFRICAN UNION (AU) SUMMIT HELD IN ETHIOPIA

    The 33rd edition of the African Union (AU) summit was held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

    • The 33rd edition of the African Union (AU) summit was held with the theme: Silencing the Guns: Creating conducive conditions for Africa’s development.

    • Heads of the states and the government officials from across Africa gathered in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa and focused on ways to end the regional violence, including the conflicts in South Sudan and Libya.

    • President of South Africa Cyril Ramaphosa took over the chair of African Union (AU) from Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.

    IMPORTANCE OF THE DAY



    1. INTERNATIONAL DAY OF WOMEN & GIRLS IN SCIENCE OBSERVED GLOBALLY ON 11TH FEBRUARY

    International Day of Women and Girls in Science is observed globally on 11 February.

    • International Day of Women and Girls in Science to recognize the critical role of women and girls play in science and technology.

    • In December 2015, the United Nations adopted a resolution to celebrate February 11 as the International Day of Women and Girls in Science.

    • In 2016 is the first time it was celebrated.

    • The idea behind this day is to ensure equal participation and involvement of women and girls in the fields of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM).


    RECENT BOOKS



    1. VICE PRESIDENT RELEASES THE BOOK A CHILD OF DESTINY

    The Vice President of India Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu released a book titled A Child of Destiny an autobiography penned by Prof. K. Ramakrishna Rao.

    • K. Ramakrishna Rao was an Eminent Scholar, Author, Researcher, Scientist and Gandhian, He was born in the coastal region in Vishakapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.

    • The Government of India awarded him The Civilian Honour of Padma Shri in 2011.



    CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 10th February

    AWARD



    1. OSCARS AWARD 2020

    The 2020 Oscars Awards has announced. it’s time to honour the movies of last year (2019) and the people directors, actors, writers, editors, and many more, who created them. The 92nd chapter of Hollywood’s most prestigious annual awards shows, overseen by the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences.


    Winners :

    Best Picture - Parasite, Kwak Sin Ae and Bong Joon Ho, Producers

    Actor in a Leading Role - Joaquin Phoenix, Joker

    Actress in a Leading Role - Renee Zellweger, Judy

    Best sound mixing - 1917

    Best sound editing - Ford v Ferrari

    Best supporting actress - Laura Dern for Marriage Story

    Documentary short feature - Learning to Skateboard in a Warzone (If You’re a Girl)

    Documentary feature - American Factory

    Best costume design - Jacqueline Durran, Little Women

    Best production design - Once Upon a Time…in Hollywood

    Live-action short film - The Neighbors’ Window

    Best adapted screenplay - Taika Waititi, Jojo Rabbit

    Best original screenplay - Bong Joon-ho, Parasite

    Animated short film - Hair Love

    Animated feature film - Toy Story 4

    Best supporting actor - Brad Pitt, Once Upon a Time…in Hollywood

    Best Music (Original Score) - Joker, Hildur Guonadottir

    Best Short Film (Animated) - Hair Love

    Best Directing Film - Parasite, Bong Joon Ho

    Best Cinematography - 1917, Roger Deakins

    Best Writing (Original Screenplay) - Parasite

    Best Music (Original Song) - “(I’m Gonna) Love Me Again” from Rocketman

    Visual Effects - 1917

    Makeup and Hairstyling - Bombshell



    STATE,UNION TERRITORIES, CITY IN NEWS



    1. HYDERABAD METRO RAIL BECOMES 2ND LARGEST METRO NETWORK IN INDIA

    Hyderabad Metro Rail, the world’s largest public-private partnership project, is now the 2nd-largest operational metro network in the country covering 69.2 km.

    • With the launch of another 11-km stretch, Hyderabad Metro Rail has become the second-largest metro rail network in the country after Delhi.

    • Telangana Chief Minister K. Chandrashekhar Rao flagged off of the metro train on Green Line stretch from Jubilee Bus Station (JBS) to Mahatma Gandhi Bus Station (MGBS), connecting the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad.


    2. UTTARAKHAND FLAGS OFF FIRST HELI SERVICES UNDER UDAN

    Under the Regional Connectivity Scheme Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik (UDAN) of Government of India, Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) has operationalized the first ever helicopter services in the state of Uttarakhand.

    • The helicopter services has been operationalized by MoCA from Dehradun’s Sahastradhara helipad to Gauchar, and Chinyalisaur.

    • The launch of heli routes in the Uttrakhand region aims to enhance the aerial connectivity of the hilly areas in the country.

    • Under the UDAN 2 bidding process, Heritage Aviation has been given the responsibility of operating the Sahastradhara-Gauchar-Chinyalisaur route.

    • The Uttrakhand Government is also providing incentives to make the scheme more attractive.

    • The inauguration of the helicopter services is expected to boost tourism sector in the Uttrakhand region. Present operationalised heli routes under the UDAN scheme are between Chandigarh to Shimla, Shimla to Dharamshala & Shimla to Kullu.


    3. UP GOVT TO LAUNCH INTERNSHIP SCHEME FOR SCHOOL COLLEGE STUDENTS

    Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Yogi Adityanath has announced an internship scheme for the tenth, 12th and graduate students of the state to brighten employment prospects.

    • Addressing a job fair organized by the Department of Labour and Employment Exchange in Gorakhpur, Yogi Adityanath stated that the state government will bring the internship scheme this year itself.

    • Under the scheme, these students will be linked to various technical institutes and industries.

    • During the internship of a period of six months or a year, each participating youth will be given 2500 rupees as honorarium every month.

    • Out of this, rupees 1500 will be given by the Central Government and 1000 rupees by the State Government.


    INDEX



    1. INDIA RANKS 40TH IN GLOBAL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY INDEX 2020

    India has been ranked 40th out of 53 countries on a global intellectual property index 2020. India was placed at 36th position among 50 countries in 2019.

    • India’s score, however, increased from 36.04 per cent (16.22 out of 45) in 2019 to 38.46 per cent (19.23 out of 50) in 2020, a 2.42 per cent jump in an absolute score.

    • The US, UK, Sweden, France and Germany remained the top five economies on the intellectual property index in 2019 retaining their spots from the last year.

    • The index was released as part of the annual report prepared by the Global Innovation Policy Center (GIPC) of the US Chambers of Commerce.


    2. IIMB RANKS 3 IN THE LIST OF TOP BUSINESS SCHOOL OF 2020

    Indian Institute of Management Bangalore (IIMB) has ranked 3rd in MOOCLab’s Business School Rankings 2020 for its provision, design and delivery of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs).

    • IIM Bangalore succeeds HEC Paris (France) and Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania (USA).

    • The 2020 edition of the rankings has surveyed 16 business schools across the world offering courses on the three leading MOOC platforms:

    • Coursera, edX and FutureLearn. This is the first-ever Business School rankings based on the provision of MOOCs.

    • The college was ranked based upon 4 parameters:

  • School’s performance across the number of MOOCs provided.
  • Facilities of learning pathways.
  • Provision of credit-granting credentials.
  • School’s teaching quality.
  • IMPORTANCE OF THE DAY



    1. NATIONAL DEWORMING DAY OBSERVED GLOBALLY ON 10TH FEBRUARY

    The National Deworming Day is being observed on 10 February across the country.

    • Children and adolescents in the age group of 1 to 19 years are being administered a single dose of a safe medicine Albendazole in all states and Union Territories on the occasion.

    • The objective of the day is to deworm children and adolescents to reduce the prevalence of parasitic worms in the intestine.

    • The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare initiated the observation of the National Deworming Day.

    • The first National Deworming Day in India was observed on 10 February 2015.


    2. WORLD PULSES DAY OBSERVED GLOBALLY ON 10 FEBRUARY

    World Pulses Day proclaimed on February 10 of each year since 2019. World Pulses Day is a designated United Nations global event to recognize the importance of pulses (chickpeas, dry beans, lentils, dry peas and lupins among others) as a global food.

    • World Pulses Day is a recognition of the decisive role that pulses can play in achieving the comprehensive, far-reaching and people-centred set of universal and transformative goals and targets of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a plan of action that seeks to strengthen universal peace.

    DEATH



    1. AMERICAN AUTHOR ROGER KHAN PASSES AWAY

    American Author Roger Kahn passed away. He wrote at least 20 books in his lifetime. In 1989 he collaborated with Pete Rose for the Biography of legendary Boxer Jack Dempsey before Jack gets banned from the game. His best-selling book in 1972 The Boys of Summer.


    SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY



    1. ASTRONOMERS DISCOVER ULTRAMASSIVE GALAXY XMM-2599 FROM EARLY UNIVERSE

    The International team of astronomers led by scientists at the University of California, United States(US) have discovered an Ultramassive monster galaxy dubbed as XMM-2599.

    • This galaxy existed around 12 billion years ago just 1.8 billion years after the formation of the universe.

    • The galaxy XMM-2599 was formed more than 1,000 solar masses a year in stars during the peak of the stars’ activity and was discovered by the astronomers during XMM-2599 inactive phase.



    CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 7th February

    APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNATION



    1. RISHAB PANT BECOMES BRAND AMBASSADOR OF JSW STEEL

    Jindal South West (JSW) Steel has appointed Indian cricketer Rishabh Pant as its brand ambassador.

    • Pant will help promote JSW’s steel products which include Colouron+ colour-coated sheets and JSW Neosteel TMT bars, for a three year period.


    2. LINKEDIN’S JEFF WEINER RESIGNS AS CEO

    LinkedIn Corp. Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Jeff Weiner is stepping down in the role.

    • Jeff Weiner will become executive chairman after 11 years as CEO of the Microsoft-owned business.

    • Ryan Roslansky, senior vice president of product, will become CEO as of June 1.

    • Roslansky has been at LinkedIn for more than 10 years.

    • He will report to Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella and join Microsoft’s senior leadership team.

    • Weiner joined LinkedIn as CEO in 2008 and led it through its initial public offering of stock in 2011.

    • Microsoft bought the company for USD 26 billion in 2016.


    CONFERRENCE



    1. LUCKNOW HOSTS 5TH INDIA-RUSSIA MILITARY INDUSTRIAL CONFERRENCE

    Lucknow hosted the 5th India-Russia Military Industrial Conference.

    • The India-Russia Military Industrial Conference was attended by over 100 Russian and over 200 Indian industry leaders.

    • The conference was held on the sidelines of the Defence Expo 2020 taking place in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.

    • Indian & Russian companies signed Memorandum of Understanding under the Make in India initiative and will boost the high level strategic and real technological partnership between the two countries.

    • The MoUs were signed for the production of different defence equipment like parts of T-72, T-90, ASW Rocket launchers, radar systems and 3D modeling.

    • The Indian companies includes BHEL, Bharat Dynamics Limited and the Russian companies include Vista control from Indian side and INVERSIA, UVZ and BEML Ltd. signed the MoU.


    2. CENTRAL ASIA BUSINESS COUNCIL LAUNCHED IN NEW DELHI

    The Central Asia Business Council was launched in New Delhi.

    • This was the first instance when the business chambers of all five Central Asian states i.e. Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan, were brought together by India to push trade and investment partnership.

    • The Central Asia Business Council is a common platform for the sharing of ideas and the transformation of goodwill into practical outcomes and seeks to form a India-Central Asia Development Group.

    • The India-Central Asia Development Group will work to boost the trade by assessing the feasibility of air corridors between India and Central Asia.

    • On the basis of mutual interest, the council has prioritized sectors to work upon.

    • These sectors include pharmaceuticals, agro-processing, energy, urban infrastructure and transport, education and many other sectors.


    3. 22ND INTERNATIONAL SEAFOOD SHOW BEGINS IN KOCHI

    The 22nd edition of India International Seafood Show (IISS) begins in Kochi, Kerala.

    • The Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA), under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India, in association with the Seafood Exporters Association of India (SEAI), is organized this event.

    • Theme: Blue Revolution- Beyond Production to Value Addition

    • IISS 2020 will highlight the technological advances and sustainable practices followed in the seafood processing sector in India.

    • Indian seafood processors have to make their mark in the sustainable league with the cooperation from the fishing and farming sectors.

    • Over 200 exhibitors, 350 stalls and more than 5000 delegates, including foreign delegates, are expected to attend the event.

    • The biennial show returns to Kochi after 12 years and will provide a platform for Indian exporters and overseas importers of Indian marine products to interact.

    • The 21st edition of IISS was held in Goa in January 2018.


    ACHEIVEMENT



    1. INDIA RANKED 2ND IN PRODUCER OF CRUDE STEEL

    As per World Steel Association data, India became the second-largest steel producer of crude steel after China 2019, by replacing Japan.

    • India’s crude steel production in 2019 was at 111.2 MT, an increase of 1.7 per cent from 109.3 MT in 2018. China remains number one with 996.3 million tonnes in 2019.

    • The United States and Russia rank fourth and fifth respectively.


    INDIA’S RELATIONSHIP WITH FOREIGN COUNTRY



    1. BRITAIN’S PRINCE UNVEILS CHILDREN PROTECTION FUND FOR INDIA

    Indian Oil Corp (IOC) and Russian Rosneft signed 1st term contract for importing 2 Million Metric Tonnes of Urals grade crude oil to India for the year 2020.

    • India is the 3rd largest Energy Consumer in the world, India imports globally 83% of oil to meet its oil need. India has to enlarge its sources for oil imports away from the Middle East oil-producing countries.

    • India made a strategy to expand its oil source India’s strategy for Diversification (Importing crude oil from non-OPEC countries) and the term contract is also under the part of the strategy.


    DEATH



    1. HOLLYWOOD ACTOR KIRK DOUGLAS PASSES AWAY

    The Academy Award winning Hollywood Actor, producer and director Kirk Douglas passed away.

    • The actor came to limelight in 1940’s and played various roles in nearly 100 movies in his 60-year career. He was awarded with an honorary lifetime achievement statuette by the Academy in 1996.

    • Kirk Douglas was popular for his intense performances in films like Spartacus and Paths of Glory.

    • He was famous for his physical commitment to roles and the training to play assigned roles perfectly like playing boxer in Champion, and learning to ride a horse and shoot in the 1957 Western Gunfight.


    DEATH



    1. HOLLYWOOD ACTOR KIRK DOUGLAS PASSES AWAY

    The Academy Award winning Hollywood Actor, producer and director Kirk Douglas passed away.

    • The actor came to limelight in 1940’s and played various roles in nearly 100 movies in his 60-year career. He was awarded with an honorary lifetime achievement statuette by the Academy in 1996.

    • Kirk Douglas was popular for his intense performances in films like Spartacus and Paths of Glory.

    • He was famous for his physical commitment to roles and the training to play assigned roles perfectly like playing boxer in Champion, and learning to ride a horse and shoot in the 1957 Western Gunfight.


    DEATH



    1. HOLLYWOOD ACTOR KIRK DOUGLAS PASSES AWAY

    The Academy Award winning Hollywood Actor, producer and director Kirk Douglas passed away.

    • The actor came to limelight in 1940’s and played various roles in nearly 100 movies in his 60-year career. He was awarded with an honorary lifetime achievement statuette by the Academy in 1996.

    • Kirk Douglas was popular for his intense performances in films like Spartacus and Paths of Glory.

    • He was famous for his physical commitment to roles and the training to play assigned roles perfectly like playing boxer in Champion, and learning to ride a horse and shoot in the 1957 Western Gunfight.


    SCHEME



    1. JANASEVAKA SCHEME LAUNCHED BY KARNATAKA GOVT

    To ensure the home delivery of the government services, Karnataka Government has launched a scheme Janasevaka.

    • The scheme is initially launched in a few municipal corporation wards to ensure home delivery of various services.

    • The service includes senior citizen identity and health cards, and ration cards and other 53 services.

    • The scheme will be successfully implemented with the help of 11 departments.

    • Through the launch of the Janasevaka scheme, Karnataka government aims to make the lives of the citizens of Karnataka easy.


    INDIAN CITY IN NEWS



    1. PINK CITY BECOMES CERTIFIED UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE CITY

    Jaipur The Pink City has been certified by the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) as the World Heritage site.

    • The certification was done by the UNESCO Director General Audrey Azoulay during an event held in Jaipur, Rajasthan.

    • As part of certification, the World Heritage City certificate was handover by UNESCO Director General to Minister of Urban Development Shanti Dhariwal.

    • The certification of Jaipur The Pink City as the World Heritage site is expected to boost the tourism sector of the state of Rajasthan and also intends to the development of Western Rajasthan for tourism with the support of UNESCO.



    CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 6th February

    INTERNATIONAL NEWS



    1. DONALD TRUMP ACQUITTED OF ALL IMPEACHMENT CHARGE BY US SENATE

    The United States President Donald Trump has been acquitted of all impeachment charges.

    • The US Senate has acquitted President Trump on two articles of impeachment that are the abuse of power and obstruction to Congress.

    • The Republican-majority Senate voted 52-48 to acquit him of abuse of power and 53-47 to acquit him of obstruction of Congress.

    • Donald Trump is only the third US leader ever placed on trial, he readily defeated the effort to expel him from office for having illicitly sought help from Ukraine to bolster his 2020 re-election effort.


    2. ROMANIA’S PRO-EU GOVERNMENTS FALLS AFTER THREE MONTHS

    Romania’s pro-European government collapsed in a parliamentary no-confidence vote after only 3 months in office.

    • A total of 261 of 465 MPs voted in favour of a motion against the minority government led by Ludovic Orban.

    • The move was triggered by Orban’s attempt to change the law for local elections.

    • Orban had wanted to reintroduce a two-round voting system but the change will no longer be implemented.

    President of Romania: Klaus Lohannis

    Capital of Romania: Bucharest

    Currency of Romania: Romania Lieu


    NATIONAL NEWS



    1. PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA SETS TARGET AT DEFEXPO OF 5 BILLION DOLLAR USD IN UPCOMING 5 YEARS

    Prime Minister of India Shri Narendra Modi has stated that NDA government set a defense export target of 5 billion dollars in the upcoming five years.

    • The export of defense equipment from India was about 2,000 crore rupees. In the past 2 years, it has gone up to 17,000 crore rupees.

    • In the upcoming five years, the target is defense export of 5 billion US dollars (approx 35,000 crore rupees).

    • The 11th edition of the mega defense event is being held in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.

    • The theme of this event is India: The Emerging Defence Manufacturing Hub.

    • The five-day DefExpo is being attended by 38 defense ministers and top executives of 172 foreign defense majors and 856 Indian companies in Lucknow.


    2. FIVE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY TO GET THE STATUS OF INSTITUTION OF NATIONAL IMPORTANCE

    The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved to bestow the status of Institution of National Importance to the five Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs).

    • The status will be provided with the inception of the Indian Institutes of Information Technology Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2020.

    • The bill will provide the status of Institutions of National Importance to the remaining five IIITs along with the existing 15 IIITs in PPP mode.

    • The 5 IIITs in PPP mode includes IIITs in Bhopal, Raichur, Bhagalpur, Agartala and Surat


    3. UNION CABINET CLEARS THE SETTING UP OF MAJOR PORT AT VADHAVAN

    The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given its in-principle approval for setting up a new Major Port at Vadhavan near Dahanu in Maharashtra.

    • The new Major Port will be established on the basis of land lord model.

    • The projected cost of the Vadhavan Port is over Rs 65,000 crore.

    • After the development of this new Major Port at Vadhavan in Maharashtra, India is expected to enter the list of countries with top 10 container ports in the world.

    • For the implementation of the project, a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) will be formed along the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) which will act as the lead partner with equity participation of 50% or more.

    • This SPV will be responsible for the development of the port infrastructure, including construction of breakwater, reclamation with the establishment of connectivity to the hinterland.

    • All the business activities will take place under the public private partnership (PPP) by private developers.


    DEATH IN NEWS



    1. FORMER ASSAM SPEAKER PRANAB KUMAR GOGOI PASSES AWAY

    Former Assam Legislative Assembly Speaker and sitting Congress MLA (Member of the Legislative Assembly) Pranab Kumar Gogoi passed away.

    • He was first elected as Legislator from the Assam Legislative Assembly from Sivasagar, Assam for 4 consecutive terms.

    • He also served as minister in Tarun Gogoi-led cabinet from 2006-2011 and speaker of the Assam legislative assembly in 2011.

    • In 2015, Pranab Kumar took the definition of the term Assamese.



    ECONOMICS NEWS



    1. RBI’S 6TH BI-MONTHLY MONETARY POLICY 2019-20 RELEASED

    The Reserve Bank of India’s Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) has released its 6th Bi-monthly Monetary Policy 2019-20.

    • The Reserve Bank of India’s MPC has decided to keep the policy repo rate unchanged to 5.15%.

    • The MPC has also decided to maintain the accommodative stance of monetary policy to revive growth, while ensuring that inflation remains within the target.

    • In 2015, Pranab Kumar took the definition of the term Assamese.

    The key decisions taken in the 6th Bi-Monthly Monetary Policy Committee meeting are :

  • The repo rate under the liquidity adjustment facility (LAF) left unchanged to 5.15%.
  • The reverse repo rate under the LAF stands same i.e. 4.90%.
  • The marginal standing facility (MSF) rate and the Bank Rate also remains same i.e. 5.40%.
  • RBI has increased the real GDP growth for fiscal year 2020-21 from 5% to 6%.

  • The composition of the Monetary Policy Committee is as follows :

  • 1. Governor of the Reserve Bank of India – Chairperson, ex officio : Shri Shaktikanta Das
  • 2. Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of India, in charge of Monetary Policy– Member, ex officio : Dr. Michael Debabrata Patra
  • 3. One officer of the Reserve Bank of India to be nominated by the Central Board – Member, ex officio : Dr. Janak Raj
  • 4. Dr. Chetan Ghate, Professor, Indian Statistical Institute (ISI): Member
  • 5. Dr. Pami Dua, Director, Delhi School of Economics: Member
  • 6. Dr. Ravindra H. Dholakia, Professor, Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad: Member.

  • 2. RELIANCE GENERAL LAUNCHES HEALTH INSURANCE PLAN INFINITY

    Reliance General Insurance Company Limited has launched a comprehensive health insurance plan named Reliance Health Infinity.

    • The policy offers 90 days pre and 180 days post hospitalization cover, along with sum insured ranging from Rs 3 lakh to Rs 1 crore, and free restore benefits.

    • This Insurance offers three main benefits under its Health Infinity plan: more cover, where the policyholder will get additional sum insured, along with more time, where the policyholder will get covered for additional period, and more global wherein the policyholder will be insured not only in India but also globally for emergency hospitalization.

    • This insurance plan also offers Ayush benefit, wherein all the expenses incurred are covered on treatment in a hospital under Ayurveda, Unani, Sidha and Homeopathy.


    IMPORTANCE OF THE DAY



    1. INTERNATIONAL DAY OF ZERO TOLERANCE FOR FEMALE GENITAL MUTATION

    International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female is observed globally on 6 February.

    • This day is sponsored by the United Nations for their efforts to eradicate female genital mutilation. It was first introduced in 2003.

    Theme : Unleashing Youth Power



    CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 1st February

    Latest News



    1. UNION BUDGET 2020-21

    Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman is presenting the Union Budget 2020 for the 2nd time in a row.

    • The Union Budget is the yearly financial report estimating the income and expenditure presented to outline future policies to be adopted by the government for sustainable growth and development.

    • The Economic Survey 2019-20 was released on 31st January 2020 by the Chief Economic Advisor of India, Krishnamurthy Subramanian.

    • The GDP growth of India’s forecasts at between 6 to 6.5% for the fiscal year starting April.

    • Sabka Sath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas was the tagline of government mentioned by Finance Minister Nirmala Sithraman in her speech.

    This time 3 themes of Union Budget 2020-21 :

  • aspirational India
  • economic development for all
  • develop a caring society

  • Union Budget 2020-21 takeaways :

    ⇾ The tax of only 10% will be charged to Rs 5 lakh-7.5 lakh income as against prevailing 20% rate.

    ⇾ From Rs 7.5 lakh-10 lakh income, a tax rate of 15% against 20% prevailing rate.

    ⇾ For income Rs 10-12.5 lakh, a rate of 20% will be charged as against 30% earlier.

    ⇾ For income between Rs 12.5 lakh-15 lakh will be taxed at 25% as against 30%.

    ⇾ For those at Rs 15 lakh plus income, the tax will be 30%.

    ⇾ Reducing the corporate tax rates for new companies in the manufacturing sector to 15%. Similarly, for existing companies, rates lowered at 22%.

    ⇾ FY-21 fiscal deficit target pegged at 3.5% of GDP – FY20 fiscal deficit at 3.8% of GDP vs earlier target of 3.3%.

    ⇾ Tax on Co-op societies to be reduced to 22% plus surcharge, as against current 30%.

    ⇾ The government has proposed a 100% tax concession to sovereign wealth funds on investment in infrastructure projects.

    ⇾ Concessional tax rate of 15% extended to power generation companies.

    ⇾ Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT) shifted to individuals instead of companies.

    ⇾ Housing made more affordable, tax holiday to affordable housing developers.

    ⇾ Additional Rs 1.5 lakh tax benefit on affordable housing loans.

    ⇾ Govt. to launch system for instant allotment of PAN on the basis of Aadhaar.

    ⇾ Customs duty raised on footwear and furniture.

    ⇾ Nominal health cess on import of medical equipment to be introduced.

    ⇾ Aadhaar-based verification of taxpayers is being introduced.

    ⇾ Zero-budget farming may not be a good move for fertiliser companies.

    ⇾ Health cess on import of medical equipment imposed in Budget.

    ⇾ The government has removed 70 exemptions, deductions with a view to further simplify the tax regime.

    ⇾ The budget has provided an outlay of 8,000 crores for quantum computing over five years to break into this technology.

    ⇾ FM Sitharaman halves customs duty on import of newsprint, lightweight coated paper to 5%.

    ⇾ The government has extended concessional withholding rate of 5% on interest payment to non-residents up to June 30, 2022.

    ⇾ The government will launch Vivaad Se Vishwas Scheme to reduce tax litigation.

    ⇾ GST as the most historic reform. GST has integrated the country economically, a 10% reduction in overall taxes.

    ⇾ India FDI elevated to 284 Billion USD from 190 Billion USD.

    ⇾ The central Govt Debt got reduced in March 2019 to 48.7% of GDP from 52.2% in March 2014.

    ⇾ Propose to undertake 16 Action Points including agricultural-related points, water stress-related points.

    ⇾ First Action Point includes 3 Model Agricultural-related Laws and water stress-related issue.

    ⇾ Comprehensive measures for 100 water-stressed districts, PM Kusum schemes removed farmers dependence, Solar Power generation units will be set up for                 farmers to make a living out of the barren land.

    ⇾ Kisan Rail through PPP model so that perishable goods can be transported quickly. Krishi Udaan will be launched by MoCA on international and national routes.

    ⇾ 16th Action Point Under Deen Dayal Antodaya Yojana 58 Lakh SHGs has been mobilised, Further expanding.

    ⇾ 2 broad categories: For sector comprising of agriculture, allied sector, 2.83 lakh crores have been made for 2020-21, 1.6 lakh crores for agriculture For rural and                 Panchayati Raj- 1.23 lakh crores.

    ⇾ 112 Aspirational Districts to be covered for AYUSHMAN Treatment.

    ⇾ Wellness water and sanitation & Healthcare Mission Indradhanush expanded to cover.

    ⇾ 12 diseases, Fit India Movement, Jal Jeevan Mission, Swachh Bharat Mission.

    ⇾ 69,000 crores to the health sector.

    ⇾ TB haarega, Desh Jeetega Campaign, Strengthen the campaign to end Tuberculosis by 2025. Jan Aushadi Kendra Scheme offering 2000 medicines, 300 surgical by     2024.

    ⇾ The new education policy will be announced soon, IND-SAT exam proposed in Asian and African country for foreign university 3.60 lakh crores for Jal Jeevan

        mission. New Edu policy soon. Swachh Bharat Mission allocation Rs 12,300 crore.

    ⇾ Augmenting local water resources, promote water harvesting in 2020-21, 11,500 crores will be provided.

    ⇾ By 2030, India will have the largest working-age population in the world.

    ⇾ The new education policy will be announced soon, IND-SAT exam proposed in Asian and African country for foreign university New Edu policy soon.

    ⇾ About 150 higher education institutes will start Apprenticeship embedded degree diploma courses by March 2021. Steps would be taken to enable sourcing to

        provide higher quality education. Urban Local Bodies to provide internship opportunities for young engineers. For deprived students, degree level full-fledged online

        education programme to be started.

    ⇾ National Police University and National Foreign University will be set up. Medical colleges to be set up at district level to produce more doctors.

    ⇾ High-Speed Train Mumbai-Ahemadabad would be actively pursued.

    ⇾ 27000 Km Train Track Electrification.

    ⇾ Solar-powered capacity to be set up alongside rail tracks.

    ⇾ To build a seamless national cold supply chain for perishables, Indian Railways will set up Kisan Rail through PPP model so that perishable goods can be

        transported quickly. Krishi Udaan will be launched by MoCA on international and national routes.

    ⇾ Rs 27,300 crore for the development and promotion of industry and commerce.

    ⇾ PM Govt allows tech companies to set up Data Centre parks to provide internet to citizens. It allocates Rs 6,000 crore for BhartatNet.

    ⇾ 5600 crores Allocated to nutrition-related programmes for FY 2020-21. Nutrition of Children, pregnant women, Poshan Abhiyan was launched.

    ⇾ More than 6 lakh Anganwadi workers equipped with smartphones to update the nutritional status of 10 crore households Task Force appointed to mothers.

    ⇾ For SC and OBC Classes, 85,000 crores allocated for FY 2020-21 For ST Classes, 53,700 crores allocated for FY 2020-21 For Senior Citizens & Divyangs, 9,500 crores for 2020-21.

    ⇾ Indian Institute of Heritage and Culture to be set up. 5 archaeological sites would be developed as iconic sites with the onsite museum: Rakhi Garhi Haryana, Hastinapur UP, Shivsagar Assam, Dolavira Assam, Adichalanur in TN.

    ⇾ 3150 crores allocated to the Ministry of Culture. Tribal Museum to be set up in Ranchi Jharkhand. The maritime museum would be set up.

    ⇾ Institute to have a deemed University Status.

    ⇾ Establish Indian Institute of Heritage & Conservation under Culture Ministry.

    ⇾ Prepaid Smart Meters by 2023.

    ⇾ 16200 Km Gas Grid expanded.

    ⇾ Fibre net to link Villages.

    ⇾ Data Centre Park across India.

    ⇾ FibreLink gram Panchayats.

    ⇾ 1 lakh gram panchayats to be connected with optical fibre technology.

    ⇾ Our commitments for Paris agreements will start from 1st Jan 2021 Encourage states to ensure cleaner air- 4,400 Crores allocation for the ministry of environment.

    ⇾ 1 Port to be on Stock Exchange.

    ⇾ Delhi-Mumbai Express-Way.

    ⇾ Self Help Groups will be allowed to set up village agriculture storage facilities. Govt will involve rural youth in coastal areas to boost fish production.

    ⇾ National Recruitment Agency has to be set up.

    ⇾ Common eligibility test to be set up for non-gazetted posts. A centre will be put up in each district, especially aspirational districts.

    ⇾ FM announces 2 National Science Schemes Genetic Database for drug innovation & Quantum Computing for advancing our computational n analytical capabilities to join an exclusive global league – Rs 8000 Cr over 5 years.

    ⇾ Proposed to sell the balance holding of the government of India’s IDBI to private retail and institutional investors through the stock exchange.

    ⇾ The government raised the insurance cover to Rs 5 lakh per depositor, which is currently Rs 1 lakh. This comes after the PMC bank crisis.

    ⇾ Krishi UDAAN scheme will be launched by the Aviation Ministry.

    ⇾ NBFCS and cooperatives are active in agriculture. NABARD refinance scheme will be expanded. There will be Rs 15 lakh crore agriculture credit availability.

    ⇾ New Education policy will be announced soon.

    ⇾ Urban local bodies to provide internship to young engineers for a year so that they come to know how the government functions.

    ⇾ Degree level online education courses will be introduced which can be provided by colleges in the top 100 list by National Educational Institute List.

    ⇾ Indian Gold February futures reclaimed the Rs 41,000-mark and could even retest the previous record high of 41,293 per 10 gram.

    ⇾ A new scheme NIRVIC will be launched with the aim of increasing India’s export credit. It will look into setting up hubs in smaller rural areas and districts. The scheme will be launched this year itself.

    ⇾ India will host G20 Presidency in the year 2022 and the Finance Ministry is set to allocate Rs 100 crore for the preparations.

    ⇾ The Ministry of Finance is set to allocate Rs 28,600 crore for programs meant especially for women. Beti Bachao Beti padhao is a highly successful scheme, girls registration in school has surpassed that of boys.

    ⇾ Taskforce to be set up to recommend marriageable age for women

    ⇾ The government has plans to raise money through LIC IPO. The government will thus sell part of its holding in the LIC.

    ⇾ The government wishes to institute a charter for the taxpayers charter in the statute and ensure taxpayers are free against tax harassment.

    ⇾ 100 more airports will be developed to provide support to the PM Udaan scheme BY 2024.

    ⇾ The Finance Ministry will allocate Rs 22,000 crore to power renewable energy sector in this financial year. The govt proposes to expand the national gas grid to reach 27,000 km from the current reach of 6,000 km.

    ⇾ Nominal growth of GDP estimated for 2020-21 on the basis of trends at 10%. Revised estimates of the expenditure for FY 2020-21, 26.99 lakh crores. Receipts estimated at 19.32 lakh crores.

    ⇾ Delhi-Mumbai Expressway will be completed by 2023.

    ⇾ Chennai-Bengaluru Expressway to be launched soon.

    ⇾ Government to set up project preparation facilities for the infrastructure sector, national logistic policy soon.

    ⇾ Rs 40,000 cr per annum will be revenue foregone from new income tax rates for individuals.

    ⇾ The net market borrowings would be Rs 4.99 lakh cr in fiscal 20 and Rs 5.36 lakh cr in next fiscal.

    ⇾ Rs 3.50 lakh crore infused as capital in public sector banks in past years.

    ⇾ The government has proposed Rs 30,757 crore for Jammu and Kashmir, and Rs 5,958 crore for Ladakh for fiscal 2020-21.



    INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS



    1. GLOBAL HEALTH EMERGENCY DECLARED OVER CORONAVIRUS BY WHO

    World Health Organization (wHO has declared an international emergency over the novel coronavirus from China.

    • The organization has declared an emergency as the disease has spread to 18 other countries apart from China where it originated.

    • Also, the disease is spreading through human-to-human contact.

    • According to WHO, there are more than 7,711 confirmed cases and 12,167 suspected cases all over the world.

    • The spread of the disease now fulfils the criteria of Public Health Emergencies of International Concern (PHEIC) and hence emergency has been declared.

    WHO Headquarter : Geneva, Switzerland

    Director General : Tedros Adhanom


    NATIONAL NEWS



    1. GOA 2020 NATIONAL GAMES UNVEILS RUVIGULA AS OFFICIAL MASCOT

    Rubigula, Flame-Throated Bulbul, has been unveiled as the official mascot for the Goa 2020 National Games in Panaji, Goa. The Flame-Throated Bulbul is the state bird of Goa. Goa will be hosting the 36th edition of the National Games from 20th October to 4th November 2020.

    Chief Minister of Goa : Pramod Sawant

    Governor of Goa : Satya Pal Malik



    CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 31st january

    EXERCISE



    1. SAMPRITI-IX : INDIA BANGLADESH JOINT EXERCISE TO BE HELD IN MEGHALAYA

    The 9th edition of joint military training exercise between India-Bangladesh SAMPRITI-IX will be conducted at Umroi, Meghalaya.

    • Exercise SAMPRITI is an important bilateral defence cooperation endeavour between India and Bangladesh which is hosted alternately by both countries.

    • During the joint exercise, Command Post Exercise and Field Training Exercise is to be conducted according to the United Nations Charter.

    • The troops of both the armies will also practice Counter-Terrorist operation.



    AWARD



    1. THEATRE ARTIST SANJANA KAPOOR WILL RECEIVE THE PRESTIGIOUS FRENCH HONOUR

    Well-known theatre person, Sanjana Kapoor received the prestigious French honour of Chevalier dans lOrdre des Arts et des Lettres (Knight of the Order of Arts and Letters) for her outstanding contribution to the field of theatre.

    • She is the daughter of Late Bollywood actor Shashi Kapoor.

  • L’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres is a French government distinction instituted in 1957 by the Ministry of Culture and is conferred, regardless of nationality, on persons who have distinguished themselves by their creativity in the fields of art or literature, or for their contribution to promoting art and literature in France and throughout the world.

  • 2. EIMEAR NOONE SET TO BECOME OSCARS FIRST FEMALE ORCHESTRA CONDUCTOR

    Irish composer Eimear Noone will be the first woman to conduct an orchestra at the Oscars guest-segment.

    • She will lead the 42-piece orchestra at the Academy Awards as it plays excerpts from five nominated scores.

    • She’s widely hailed as the world’s leading composer of video game music and at 22 became the first woman to conduct at the National Concert Hall.


    3. INDIAN HOCKEY CAPTAIN RANI RAMPAL NAMED 2019 WORLD GAMES ATHLETE OF THE YEAR

    Indian women’s team captain Rani Rampal became the 1st-ever hockey player worldwide to win the prestigious World Games Athlete of the Year award 2019.

    • The prize is given for outstanding performance, along with social commitment and fair behaviour.

    • The 25-year-old Rani has been part of the Indian women’s hockey team since she was 15 years old and has made 240 appearances for the national team thus far.

    • She was the player of the tournament in the FIH Women’s Series Finals in Hiroshima, Japan.


    DEATH IN NEWS



    1. PADMA SHRI AWARDEE TUSHAR KANJILAL PASSES AWAY

    Famous social worker, environmentalist, educationist & writer Tushar Kanjilal passed away.

  • The Government of India awarded Tushar Kanjilal the 4th highest civilian honour of Padma Shri in 1986. He also received the Jamnalal Bajaj Award in 2008.


  • CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 30th january

    INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE,SUMMIT & FAIR



    1. 34TH INTERNATIONAL CRAFTS FAIR 2020

    President Ram Nath Kovind will inaugurate the 34th Surajkund International Crafts Fair on February 1, 2020. The Mela is organized by the Surajkund Mela Authority & Haryana Tourism in collaboration with Union Ministries of Tourism, Textiles, Culture and External Affairs.

    • The fair will help to promote tourism.

    • For the 34th Surajkund International Crafts Mela-2020, the partner country of the fair is Uzbekistan.

    • The state of Himachal Pradesh has been chosen to be the Theme State.

    • At least 20 countries & all the states of India will be participating in the Mela.

    • The fair was upgraded to international level in 2013 and since 2015; around 20 countries are being invited.


    2. 16TH MUMBAI INTERNATIONAL FILM FESTIVAL BEGINS

    The 16th Mumbai International Film Festival-2020 for Documentary, Short Fiction and Animation films), inaugurated at Nehru Centre Auditorium, Worli, Mumbai.

    • The oldest and largest film festival for non-feature films in South Asia, which began in 1990 is organized by the Films Division, Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, Government of India.

    • The festival directorate has received 874 entries, with 144 entries from 24 countries in the International competition and 730 entries in the National competition.

    • Apart from films in various competition categories, best documentary short fiction and animation films produced in India and abroad will be screened under special packages including Jury retrospectives and Oscar films, best of festivals.

  • Special packages like European Union films, Irish films, Films from North-East India, Student film packages, Art Sanctuary films, and a retrospective of Satyajit Ray and PSBT are being organized. Animation packages from Russia, Finland and Balkans will also be showcased. There will be a screening of films in Homage section too. A special exhibition on stalwarts like Ram Mohan, V G Samant, Bhimsain Khurana and Manjira Dutta.

  • 3. TERI ORGANIZED WORLD SUSTAINABLE SUMMIT 2020 AT NEW DELHI

    The World Sustainable Summit 2020 is an annual event organized by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) at New Delhi.

    • This year theme of the event is: Towards 2030 : Making the Decade Count.

    • The Summit includes Sustainable Action Dialogues, Regional dialogues, corporate conclaves, IFAT Delhi 2020 (Exhibition of Clean Technologies), Youth Volunteer Programmes.

    • The event has become a premier international event focusing on developing actions.

    Director General of TERI : Dr.Ajay Mathur

    Headquarters : New Delhi

    Foundation Year : 1974


    STATES IN NEWS



    1. WORLD’S LARGEST MEDITATION CENTRE INAUGURATES IN TELENGHANA

    World’s largest meditation centre was inaugurated at Kanha Shanti Vanam in Hyderabad,Telangana.

    • This centre is built to mark the 75th anniversary of the formation of Shri Ram Chandra Mission (SRCM) and Heartfulness Institute.

    • The meditation centre with a central hall and eight peripheral halls to accommodate 1, 00,000 people will offer meditation training free.


    2. ASSAM RIFLES BUILDS WAR MEMORIAL IN NAGALAND

    The Assam Rifles has constructed a combined war memorial in Nagaland. The memorial has been built for the 357 Army and Assam Rifles personnel killed while fighting insurgency in the northeastern state.

    • The memorial has been built at Mokokchung, which is also the cultural and intellectual centre of Nagaland.

    • This memorial is the first of its kind in Nagaland, which also has the famous Second World War Cemetery at Kohima.

    • Assam Rifles operate under Home Ministry. Since 2000, they are guarding the Indo-Myanmar Barrier under one border one force policy of Government of India.

    DG of Assam Rifles : Lt Gen Sukhdeep sangwan

    Founded : 1835


    INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS



    1. NEPAL CREATE GUINESS WORLD RECORD FOR HIGHEST ALTITUDE FASHION SHOW EVENT

    Nepal has created a new Guinness World Record for organizing highest altitude Fashion Show on the earth.

    • The Mount Everest Fashion Runway was held at 5340 meters (17515 feet) elevation at Kala Patthar, near Everest base camp. 18 supermodels from 10 different countries walked the ramp to create history.

    • The event was part of Nepal Government’s Visit Nepal Year 2020 campaign. The Guinness world record registered the title and awarded a certificate to the organizers including Dr Pankaj Gupta from India and Ms Ramila Nemkul and Mr Riken Maharjan from Nepal.

    • The main objective of the fashion show was to create awareness about climate change and also to give a message to the world that Nepal is the destination for all activities.

    • The designs, patterns and apparel used in the fashion show were biodegradable. The models also used probiotic detergent to lessen the carbon footprint.


    2. EUROPEAN UNION PARLIAMENT APPROVED UK BREXIT DEAL

    The European Union (EU) parliament has approved United Kingdom Brexit deal.

    • European Parliament has voted overwhelmingly to approve the Brexit deal with London, clearing the final hurdle for Britain’s departure from the EU.

    • The vote was 621 to 49 in favour of the Brexit deal that British Prime Minister Boris Johnson negotiated with the other 27 EU leaders.

    • UK will not have any say in policy as it will not be a member of the EU anymore. Britain is the first country to leave the EU.


    AWARDS



    1. NOBLE LAUREATE ABHIJIT BANERJEE CONFERRED D.LIT DEGREE BY CALCUTTA UNIVERSITY

    Nobel laureate Abhijit Vinayak Banerjee conferred the honorary Doctor of Letters (D.Litt.) by Calcutta University at its annual convocation in Kolkata.

    • The Vice-Chancellor of the University Ms Sonali Chakraborty Banerjee presented the Degree to him.

    • Banerjee, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in 2019 along with two others for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty, is one of the directors of Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL) which he had founded in 2003.

    • Eminent astrophysicist J V Narlikar was conferred Sir Asutosh Mookerjee Memorial Medal.

    • Scientists Samir K Brahmachari, Arup Kumar Raychaudhuri and Partha Pratim Majumder have bestowed the Sir Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray Medal.


    2. ESOW ALBEN WINS GOLD AT BERLIN CYCLING TOURNAMENT

    Indian cyclist Esow Alben has bagged gold in the men’s Keirin individual event of the Six-Day Berlin Tournament.

    • Czech Republic’s Tomas Babek, who won silver in the 2017 World Championship, came in second while Maximilian Lev of Germany took home the bronze.

    • Keirin event is a six-day track cycling race.

    • Each cyclist competes on every day of the competition.

    • Esow was honoured with the Young Athlete of the Year Award at the Sportstar Aces Awards 2020 in Mumbai earlier this month.



    NATIONAL NEWS



    1. SUPREME COURT ALLOWS INTRODUCTION OF AFRICAN CHEETAH IN INDIA

    The Supreme Court allowed the Centre to introduce the African cheetah to suitable habitat in India.

    • The rare Indian cheetah is almost extinct in the country; the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) had filed an application seeking permission for the introduction of the African cheetah from Namibia.

    • The government’s plan is to import the Cheetah from African countries like Namibia and reintroduce them in India.




    SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY



    1. ICG COMMISSIONS INTERCEPTOR BOAT C-448 IN MANGALURU

    Indian Coast Guard (ICG) has commissioned a high-speed interceptor boat C-448 in Mangaluru, Karnataka.

    • This interceptor boat built by L&T (Larsen & Toubro) shipyard will have a crew of 12 personnel commanded by Assistant Commandant Apoorva Sharma.

    • The boat will be used for patrolling and rescue operations.

    • The boat is equipped with an infrared system for night surveillance can perform high-speed interception, low-intensity maritime operations etc.

    • It has an endurance of 500 nautical miles at 20 knots and can reach a maximum speed of 45 knots.

    Founded : 18August, 1978

    Headquarters : New Delhi

    Motto : Vayam Raks Amah (We protect)



    CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 28th january

    STATE IN NEWS



    1. WEST BENGAL BECOMES THE FOURTH STATE TO PASS RESOLUTION AGAINST CAA

    The Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) was legislated by the parliament during this winter session.

    • However, several states are agitating over the non-inclusion of Muslims in the law.

    • Kerala was the first state to pass a resolution against CAA.

    • West Bengal after Kerala, Punjab & Rajasthan becomes the fourth state to pass a resolution against CAA.


    2. INDIA’S FIRST UNDERWATER METRO: TO BEGIN IN MARCH 2022 IN KOLKATA

    The first underwater Metro is being constructed in Hooghly river.

    • The project is awaiting clearance of 2.8 million USD from the Indian Railways.

    • The Kolkata Metro is one of the oldest Metro in the country, which was started in 1984.

    • The new under water tunnel will carry 20% of city’s population & will cross the river in less than a minute.


    3. ANDRA CABINET ADOPTS RESOLUTION TO ABOLISH LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL

    Andhra Pradesh (AP) cabinet has adopted a resolution to abolition the legislative council, which the government feels is a major hurdle for passing crucial bills.

    • This cabinet chaired by the chief minister YS Jaganmohan Reddy.

  • This approval came after AP government failed to pass 2 important bills (Andhra Pradesh Decentralization and Inclusive development of All Regions Bill-2020 for the tri-capital system & and the AP Capital Region Development Authority (CRDA) Act (Repeal) Bill) in the upper house of the legislature.

  • 4. MAHARASHTRA GOVT LAUNCHES SHIV BHOJAN SCHEME

    Maharashtra government launched Shiv Bhojan scheme.

    • The scheme aims to provide a meal to the poor for just 10 rupees, on the occasion of the 71st Republic Day.

    • Under the scheme, which has been launched on a pilot basis, thalis or lunch plates would be available to people at designated centres/ canteens during a stipulated time in all the districts.

    • The district guardian Minister Aslam Shaikh inaugurated the Shiv Bhojan Thali canteen at the civic-run Nair Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra.

    • Under the pilot scheme, at least one Shiv Bhojan canteen has been started at district headquarters.


    5. INDIA’S FIRST WAR MEMORIAL FOR ANIMALS SET TO OPEN IN MEERUT

    Government of India is a plan to set up a war memorial for animals in Meerut, Uttar Pradesh.

    • The scheme aims to provide a meal to the poor for just 10 rupees, on the occasion of the 71st Republic Day.

    • It will be India’s first animal war memorial.

    • The memorial will come up at the Remount and Veterinary Corps (RVC) Centre and College in Meerut, where the army breeds, rears, and trains dogs, mules and horses.

    • The memorial aims to recognize the heroic acts of the animals on the battlefield, devotion to duty and outstanding contribution to military service alongside soldiers.

    • The names and service numbers of over 350 handlers, 300 dogs, and a few horses and mules will be inscribed on granite tablets at the memorial.

    • The monument would be similar to the National War Memorial in Delhi but on a smaller scale.


    6. KERALA INAUGURATES INDIA’S 1ST SUPER FAB LAB

    Chief Minister of Kerala Pinarayi Vijayan inaugurates India’s 1st Super Fab Lab in Kochi, Kerala. The Super Fab Lab is being installed in collaboration with Kerala Startup Mission (KSUM).

    • The laboratory will break down barriers between the physical world and the digital world.

    • A Fab Lab is a laboratory that offers digital fabrication. It is colloquially defined as, How to make almost anything.

    • It is an array of computers that covers almost all materials.

    • It is used in businesses to develop prototypes and also in education.

    • It includes CNC cutting, plasma metal cutting, laser cutting, electronics and microprocessors and 3D printing and scanning.


    APPOINTMENTS



    1. IBA APPOINTS SUNIL MEHTA AS ITS NEW CEO

    Sunil Mehta took over as the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Indian Banks’ Association (IBA).

    • He will replace VG Kannan, who resigned from office as chief executive of IBA on December 31, 2019.

    • The term of the CEO of IBA is for 3 years. At present, the managing committee of IBA has SBI chief Rajnish Kumar as Chairman for the year 2019-20 along with 3 deputy chairmen and honorary secretary.

    FORMATION : 26 September, 1946

    HEADQUARTERS : Mumbai


    INTERNATIONAL NEWS



    1. BRITAIN UNVEILS 50 PENCE COIN MINTED TO CELEBRATE BREXIT

    Britain has unveiled a new 50 pence coin minted to mark Brexit (British exit).

    • Brexit is the withdrawal of the United Kingdom (UK) from the European Union (EU).

    • Britain will leave the EU at 23:00 GMT on January 31st.

    • The coin bears the inscription Peace, prosperity and friendship with all nations.

    • Finance Minister of Britain Sajid Javid, who is also Master of the Mint, was presented with the first batch of coins.


    2. PRIME MINISTER OF SLOVENIA MARJAN SAREC RESIGNS

    Prime Minister of Slovenia Marjan Sarec announced his resignation and called for new elections as the country’s coalition struggles with political deadlock.

    • He is Slovenia’s youngest-ever Prime Minister.

    • He began his career as a comedian and satirist before entering politics.

    • He formed a liberal coalition, sidelining a right-wing party that won most votes in a parliamentary election in June 2018.


    DEATH IN NEWS



    1. ASSAMESE LINGUIST GOLOK CHANDRA GOSWAMI PASSES AWAY

    Eminent Assamese linguist and academician Golok Chandra Goswami passed away.

  • His well-known books are Structure of Assamese, Assamese: Its Formation and Development, Dhvani Bigyanor Bhumika, Asomiya Bornoprakash and Asomiya Akhor Jotoni. He was honoured with the Asam Sahitya Sabha’s Sahityacharya title, Bhashacharya title by Asom Bhasha Bikash Samiti and Anundoram Borooah Award by the Anundoram Barooah Institute of Language, Art and Culture.


  • CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 27th january

    AWARD



    1. N. RAM SELECTED FOR NATIONAL MEDIA AWARD

    N. Ram, chairman of The Hindu Group Publishing Private Limited, has been selected as the outstanding mediaperson in a national award instituted by Kerala Media Academy.

    • The award carrying a cash prize of 1 lakh, citation and sculpture was announced as part of the academy’s 40th anniversary celebration.

    • The award was instituted for fearless and brilliant journalistic work at a national level, said academy chairman R.S. Babu.

    • It will be presented by Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan in March at a media conference.


    2. UTTARAKHAND DISASTER MITIGATION & MANAGEMENT CENTRE SELECTED FOR S.C. BOSE AAPDA PRABANDAN PURASKAR 2020

    Uttarakhand, Disaster Mitigation and Management Centre (in the institution category) and Kumar Munnan Singh (individual category) have been selected for the Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar 2020.

    • This award is given for their commendable work in Disaster Management.

    • The winner institution receives a certificate and a cash prize of Rs 51 lakh and the money is to be used disaster management-related activities only.

    • In the case of the winner being an individual, the person gets a certificate and a cash prize of Rs 5 lakh.

    • The award was instituted to recognise the excellent work done by individuals and institutions in India in the field of disaster management. It is announced every year on January 23, the birth anniversary of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.


    STATES IN NEWS



    1. WEST BENGAL IS THE HIGHEST VEGETABLE PRODUCING STATE IN 2018-19

    West Bengal emerged as the top State in vegetable production in 2018-19. West Bengal has overtaken Uttar Pradesh.

    • They produced 29.55 million tonnes (mt) of vegetables last year against 27.70 mt in the year before. Vegetable production in Uttar Pradesh came down to 27.71 mt in 2018-19 from 28.32 mt the previous year. Andhra Pradesh continued to hold on to the top position in fruits with 17.61 mt, followed by Maharashtra (10.82 mt) and Uttar Pradesh (10.65 mt).


    2. INDIA’S FIRST E-WASTE CLINIC OPENS IN BHOPAL, MADYA PRADESH

    India’s first e-waste clinic is being opened in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. It would enable segregation, processing and disposal of waste from both household and commercial units.

    • The e-waste clinic was inaugurated by C K Mishra (Secretary to the Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate change, MoEFCC).

    • The e-waste clinic is jointly set up by the Central Pollution Control Board-CPCB and Bhopal Municipal Corporation-BMC.

    • The e-waste clinic is being started on the basis of a three-month pilot project. If this project is successful, e-waste clinics will be established at other places in the country.

    • The bus is decorated with e-waste material from outside and inside. A TV has been also installed in it, in which documentary films on the subject of environmental damage caused by e-waste will be shown.


    3. READING PREAMBLE OF CONSTITUTION MADE MANDATORY IN SCHOOLS OF MP

    On January 26, 2020 the govt of Madhya Pradesh has made it mandatory for schools to read the preamble of the constitution every Saturday under the name sovereignty of constitution.

    • This has been done to make the students understand the basic principles of justice, equality, liberty & brotherhood.

    • The order has been issued by the department of school education of Madhya Pradesh. Earlier Maharashtra govt made the reading of the constitution’s preamble mandatory in all primary and secondary schools.


    4. INNOVATION FESTIVAL BEGINS IN ARUNACHAL PRADESH

    The Innovation Festival kicked off at the Science Centre in Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh.

    • The festival is being organized by the Arunachal Pradesh State Council for Science & Technology in collaboration with the National Innovation Foundation.

    • The Innovation Festival, a 1st of its kind in the state. The aim of the festival is to foster the culture of innovation among all people of the state, especially in all the educational institutions.


    NATIONAL NEWS



    1. THE SPRIT OF INDIA BHARAT PARV 2020 BEGINS AT RED FOR

    A festival to celebrate the spirit of India Bharat Parv 2020 has begun at Red Fort Ground in New Delhi.

    • The objective of Bharat Parv is to encourage people to visit different tourist places of the country and to inculcate the spirit of Dekho Apna Desh.

    • Bharat Parv has many attractions for the public including the display of Tableaux of the Republic Day parade, performance by armed forces bands.

    THEME : Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat & Celebrating 150 Years of Mahatma Gandhi.


    DEATH IN NEWS



    1. NOTED ARTIST & SCULPTOR SHER SINGH KUKKAL PASSED AWAY

    Noted artist and sculptor Sher Singh Kukkal passed away. He was awarded Senior Fellowship in Visual Art Photography by Union Ministry of Culture during 2008-09.

    • He received a gold medal in painting from Queens College, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh (UP) & Rajiv Gandhi Foundation award for his photography and painting.


    2. NBA LEGEND KOBE BRYANT PASSED AWAY

    National Basketball Association (NBA) legend Kobe Bryant passed away in a helicopter crash with his 13-year-old daughter Gianna.

    • Bryant was a 5-time NBA champion and 2-time Olympic gold medallist is widely regarded as one of the greatest basketball players in history.



    CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 21st january

    INDEX



    1. GLOBAL SOCIAL MOBILITY INDEX 2020

    The World Economic Forum has created a new index to measure social mobility, providing a much-needed assessment of the current state of social mobility worldwide.

    • The Global Social Mobility Index, which benchmarks 82 global economies, is designed to provide policy-makers with a means to identify areas for improving social mobility and promoting equally shared opportunities in their economies, regardless of their development.

    • As per the Index, India ranked has 76th position with a score of 42.7, while Denmark topped the list.

    World Economic Forum Established  :  January 1971

    Headquarters  :  Geneva, Switzerland

    Founder & Chairman  :  Klaus Schwab


    SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY



    1. INDIAN AIR FORCE INDUCTS FIRST SQUADRON OF SUKHOI-30 MKI AIRCRAFT

    The Indian Air Force (IAF) inducted its first squadron of Sukhoi-30 MKI aircraft which are capable of carrying BrahMos supersonic cruise missile.

    • The induction ceremony of the 222 Tigersharks fighter squadron was held at Thanjavur airbase. IAF is armed with the 2.5-ton air-launched BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missile which is capable of striking targets at a distance of over 300 KM with pinpoint precision.



    SPORTS



    1. INDIA WINS DIPLOMAT CUP CRICKET CHAMPIONSHIP 2020

    The team of the Indian Consulate has won the Diplomat Cup Cricket Championship of 2020 held in Sharjah.

    • The team of the Indian Consulate defeated the Pakistan Consulate to win the trophy which was organized by Skyline University College in Sharjah.

    • The trophy was organised with an aim of uniting the officials and employees of different Consulates based in UAE.

    • The Consulate team of 8 countries participated in the tournament. The participating Consulates were: India, Australia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, South Africa, Pakistan and the US.

    President of UAE : Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan

    Capital of UAE : Abu Dhabi

    Currency : Dirham


    2. UNION SPORTS MINISTER FLAG OFF FIT INDIA CYCLOTHON IN PANAJI

    The Chief Minister of Goa Pramod Sawant and Union Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports Kiren Rijiju flagged off the Fit India Cyclothon event.

    • The Fit India Mission under the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports in collaboration with the Directorate of Sports and Youth Affairs, Government of Goa organised the inaugural event.

    • More than 500 cycling enthusiasts participated in the event and cycled through a five-kilometer stretch within the city of Panaji.

    • The Cyclothon was flagged off from the Campal Parade Ground and culminated at Bal Bhavan.



    CONFERENCE AND PROGRAM



    1. 12TH NATIONAL TRIBAL YOUTH EXCHANGE PROGRAMME BEGINS IN PUDUCHERRY

    Puducherry Lieutenant Governor Dr Kiran Bedi inaugurated the 12 th National Tribal Youth Exchange Programme in Puducherry.

    • The Nehru Yuva kendra Sangathan(NYKS) National Vice Chairman Vishnu Varadhan Reddy, Puducherry Chief Minister's Parliament Secretary Lakshmi Narayanan, NYKS State Director Nataraj, Sub-Collector Shashvat Saurabh and other dignitaries participated in the inaugural function. Two hundred youths from Naxal-affected districts of Chattisgarh are taking part in this week-long programme.

    • The programme has been jointly organized by the Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan and Puducherry Government with a view to ensure development and empowerment of the tribal youths. They will be visiting many places to know about the language, customs, culture, arts, dressing patterns, food pattern and other aspects of Puducherry.


    2. NIC ORGANIZES TECH CONCLAVE IN NEW DELHI ON TECHNOLOGIES FOR NEXTGEN GOVERNANCE

    The National Informatics Centre (NIC) is to hold a 2-day technology conclave in New Delhi. The conclave is to be inaugurated by Union Ministry Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad.

    Theme : Technologies for NextGen Governance

    • The conclave will predominantly contribute towards building efficient government officers in the country. It will also help delivering high quality services that primarily focus in citizens. The conclave will focus on hyperscale, cyber security, design thinking & architecture.



    BUSINESS AND ECONOMY



    1. ZOMATO ACQUIRES UBER EATS BUSINESS IN INDIA

    Zomato announced acquisition of Uber’s food delivery business, Uber Eats, in India in an all-stock deal.

    • The deal, which gives Uber 9.99% ownership in Zomato, underlines the U.S.-listed cab aggregator’s effort to cut back on loss-making business segments globally.

    • Following the acquisition, Uber Eats in India will discontinue operations and direct restaurants, delivery partners, and users of the Uber Eats apps to the Zomato platform.

    CEO Zomato : Deepinder Goyal

    CEO of Uber Technologies Inc : Dara khosrowshahi


    CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 20th january

    APPOINTMENTS



    1. ARJUN MUNDA ELECTED AS PRESIDENT OF ARCHERY ASSOCIATION OF INDIA

    Union Minister of Tribal Affairs Arjun Munda Was elected as president of the suspended Archery Association of India (AAI).

    • The elections were held as per the Delhi High Court order.

    • With the support of former AAI president Vijay Kumar Malhotra, Munda, the president of Jharkhand Archery Association, defeated Assam Archery Association president & retired IAS officer BVP Rao by a margin of 34-18.

    • Pramod Chandurkar of Maharashtra defeated the Mahasim of Chandigarh 31-21 in the election for the post of secretary, while in the election of Senior Vice President, former Haryana Minister Captain Abhimanyu defeated GA Ibopishak of Manipur by 32-20.

    Establishment of Archery Association of India (AAI):1973

    Headquarters:New Delhi


    STATE IN NEWS



    1. KOLKATA HOST 9TH INTERNATIONAL CHILDREN FILM FESTIVAL

    The 9th International Children’s Film Festival hosted by Kolkata, West Bengal. About 250 films from 45 countries will be screened at the festival.

    • The National Award winner Children actor, Talha Arshad Rishi inaugurates the festival.

    • An anthology of children’s films in Bengali in the last 100 years & an exhibition on movie posters will be held along with the festival.



    AWARD



    1. CASTLE OF DREAMS GETS BEST FILM AWARD AT DIFF

    The Iranian film Castle of Dreams directed by Reza Mirakarimi won the Best Film Award in Asian Competition section of the 18th Dhaka International Film Festival (DIFF). The film also won the Best Director Award.

    • Indian film Finally Love directed by Anjan Dutt bagged Best Audience Award in cinema of the World Category. Srilankan director Prasanna Vithanage’s film Children of the Sun won Special Jury Award.

    • A total of 220 films from 74 countries were shown at the festival. The DIFF is being organized by the Rainbow Film Festival since 1992 with support from Bangladesh government & many other organizations including the High Commission of India, Dhaka. The theme of this year’s festival was better film, better audience, better society.


    2. 26TH SCREEN ACTORS GUILD AWARDS

    Winners of the 26th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards were announced. This event held at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles, USA. The award honours the year’s biggest achievements in TV & film. This awards are presented by SAG-AFTRA, which made its debut in 1995, has become one of the Industry’s most prized honours.


    Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a television


    Movie or Miniseries  : Sam Rockwell (Fosse/Verdon)

    Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a television Movie or Miniseries  :  Michelle Williams (Fosse/Verdon)

    Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Drama Series  :  Peter Dinklage (Game of Thrones)

    Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Drama Series  :  Jennifer Aniston (The Morning Show)

    Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Comedy Series  :  Tony Shalhoub (The Marvelous Mrs Maisel)

    Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Comedy Series  :  Phoeba Waller-Bridg (Fleabag)

    Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series  :  The Crown

    Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Comedy Series  :  The Marvelous Mrs Maisel

    Outstanding Action Performance by a Stunt Ensemble in a Comedy or Drama Series  :  Game of Thrones

    Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leding Role  :  Joaquin Phoenix (Joker)

    Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leding Role  :  Renne Zellweger (Judy)

    Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role  :  Brad Pitt (Once Upon a Time ....in Hollywood)

    Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role  :  Laura Dern (Marriage Story)

    Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture  :  Parasite

    Outstanding Action Performance by a Stunt Ensemble in a Motion Picture  :  Avengers - Endgame



    CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 18th january

    SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY



    1. ARIANE 5 ROCKET LAUNCHES COMMUNICATIONS SATELLITES FOR INDIA, EUTELSAT INTO GTO FROM FRENCH GUIANA, SOUTH AMERICA

    Arianespace, French Company launched a pair of communication satellites into Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) as its first launch in 2020 through Ariane 5 rocket, consisting of ISRO(Indian Space Research Organization) communication satellite GSAT-30(Geosynchronous Satellites) and EUTELSAT KONNECT for the European satellite operator Eutelsat (European Organization of Telecommunication by Satellite S.A) from Guiana space center, French Guiana, South America (SA). Aim is to provide high quality television, telecommunications and broadcasting services.

    • The 3,357 Kg GSAT-30 derives its heritage from ISRO’s earlier INSAT/GSAT (Indian National Satellites/Geosynchronous Satellites) satellite series and will replace INSAT-4A in orbit equipped with 12 C(covers Gulf countries, Asian and Australian countries) and 12 Ku band(covers Indian mainland and island) transponders. The mission life of GSAT-30 is more than 15 years specifically designed to maximize the number of transponders (to transmit and receive signals). The satellite supports VSAT(Very Small Aperture Terminal) for ATMs, Stock Exchange, television uplinking and teleport services, Digital Satellite News Gathering(DSNG), DTH (Direct-to-Home) television services, cellular backhaul connectivity etc.

    ISRO :

    Founded:  15 August 1969.

    Headquarters:  Bengaluru, Karnataka.

    Chairman:  Kailasavadivoo Sivan.

    ArianeSpace:

    Founded: 1980.

    Headquarters:  Courcouronnes, France.

    Chief Executive Officer:  Stephan Israel.


    2. RUSSIA S-400 MISSILES AIR DEFENCE SYSTEMS TO BE DELIVERED TO INDIA BY 2025

    Russian Deputy Chief of Mission Roman Babushkin all S-400 air defence missile systems will be delivered to India by 2025.

    • Asserting that the S-400 air defence missile systems are among best in the world, the diplomat said they will significantly bolster India's air defence mechanism.



    SPORTS



    1. SANIA MIRZA & NADILA KICHENOK WINS WTA DOUBLES TITLE IN AUSTRALIA

    Sania Mirza lifted the WTA Hobart International trophy with partner Nadiia Kichenok after edging out No.2 seeds Shaui Peng and Shuai Zhang in the final. The unseeded Indo-Ukrainian pair piped the second seeded Chinese team 6-4, 6-4 in an hour and 21 minutes. It is Sania's 42nd WTA doubles title and first since Brisbane International trophy in 2017 with American partner Bethanie Mattek Sands.

    • Saraswati Samman a literary recognition given annually by the KK Birla Foundation. Saraswati Samman carries a cash award of 15 lakh rupees, a citation & a plaque. Besides the Saraswati Samman, two other awards have been instituted by the KK Birla Foundation- the Vyas Samman (for Hindi works by Indian citizens) & Bihari Puraskar (for Hindi/Rajasthani works by Rajasthani writers) - a literary & cultural organisation.



    DEATH



    1. FORMER ALL-ROUNDER BAPU NADKARNI PASSED AWAY

    Former India all-rounder Bapu Nadkarni, best known for bowling a record 21 successive maiden overs in a Test match against England, passed away at the age of 86.Nadkarni, a left-handed batsman and slow-left arm orthodox bowler, played 41 Tests in which he scored 1414 runs and grabbed 88 wickets with 6/43 as his best bowling figures.

    • Nadkarni was a Mumbai stalwart having played 191 first-class match and taken 500 wickets and scored 8880 runs.


    2. WORLD SHORTEST MAN KHAGENDRA THAPA MAGAR DIES

    The world's shortest man who could walk, as verified by Guinness World Records, died at a hospital in Nepal. Khagendra Thapa Magar, who measured 67.08cm (two feet and 2.41 inches), died of pneumonia at a hospital in Pokhara, 200km (124 miles) from Kathmandu, where he lived with his parents.



    CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 17th january

    EXERCISE



    1. SAHYOG-KAIJIN-INDIA-JAPAN JOINT EXERCISE FOR COAST GUARDS

    • India & Japan took part in a joint exercise called Sahyog-Kaijin.The exercise was held between the Coastal guards of the countries at Chennai Port. The Japanese ship Ehigo & 4 ships of Indian Coast Guard participated in the exercise. The exercise was conducted based on agreement signed by the Coast Guards of the countries in 2006.


    INDIAN STATES IN NEWS



    1. INDIA-WORLD BANK SIGN 88 MILLION US DOLLAR TO IMPLEMENT ASSAM INLAND WATER TRANSPORT PROJECT

    • The Government of Assam, Government of India & World Bank signed 88 million US dollar agreement. The agreement aims to modernize Assam’s Ferry transport service on the Brahmaputra river.


    2. HISTORY BRU-REANG REFUGEE AGREEMENT SIGNED-34,000 DISPLACED TO SETTLE IN TRIPURA

    Government of India, Bru-Reang representatives, Government of Tripura & Mizoram signed an agreement in New Delhi to end refugee crisis of Bru-Reang community. Home Minister Amit Shah presided over the event. Under the agreement, around 34,000 Bru Refugess are to settle in Tripura. The centre will offer their rehabilitation helps with an allocation budget of Rs 600 crores. With this, the refugees are now eligible to enjoy social welfare schemes of States & Central governments.


    3. ARUNACHAL PRADESH INKED A MOU WITH IUCN TO RED-LISTING OF ORCHIDS

    Arunachal Pradesh inked a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) to red-listing of orchids. Arunachal Pradesh has become the 1st state in the country to initiate the IUCN’s red listing at the state level.

    Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh: Pema Khandu

    Governor of Arunachal Pradesh: B.D.Mishra



    AWARD



    1. NOTED WRITER VASDEV MOHI TO BE HONOURED WITH 29TH SARASWATI SAMMAN

    Noted Sindhi writer Vasdev Mohi will be honoured with 29th Saraswati Samman. He has been selected for his short stories collection: - Chequebook, published in 2012. This short stories collection talks about the agonies and sufferings of marginalized sections of the society. He has authored 25 books of poetry, stories & translations. He has also received the Sahitya Akademi Award.

    • Saraswati Samman a literary recognition given annually by the KK Birla Foundation. Saraswati Samman carries a cash award of 15 lakh rupees, a citation & a plaque. Besides the Saraswati Samman, two other awards have been instituted by the KK Birla Foundation- the Vyas Samman (for Hindi works by Indian citizens) & Bihari Puraskar (for Hindi/Rajasthani works by Rajasthani writers) - a literary & cultural organisation.


    2. INDIAN SCIENTIST SAKYA SINGHA SEN AWARDED MERCK YOUNG SCIENTIST AWARD2019

    A senior scientist Sakya Singha Sen from National Chemical Laboratory (CSIR-NCL) Pune, has been awarded Merck Young Scientist Award 2019 for doing remarkable research in chemical science.

    • Sen & his research team specializes in main group chemistry & involves in the synthesis of compounds with main group element & their catalytic application. All the catalysts currently used mostly belongs to precious metals platinum, palladium, iridium etc. These are very expensive & their abundance in the earth is very less. The award is instituted by Merck, a science & technology company operating worldwide. Merck Young Scientist Award is given to researchers with less than ten years of experience with expertise in solving some of the toughest problems in chemical sciences.


    APPOINTMENTS



    1. NATIONAL BOOK TRUST APPOINTED LT COL YUVRAJ MALIK AS DIRCTOR

    Lt Col Yuvraj Malik has been appointed as the Director of the National Book Trust on deputation from the Indian Army. He will replace Sahitya Akademi-awardee writer Rita Chowdhury. He has served with the Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Home Affairs, Raj Bhawan in Jammu & Kashmir, United Nations missions in Africa and several operational areas. National Book Trust came under the Ministry of Human Resource Development.



    CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 16th january

    News



    1. HENLY PASSPORT INDEX

    • Recently, Henley Passport Index was launched. The index was launched based on the data collected from International Air Transport Association (IATA). The Index is based on the number of destinations their holders can access without visa.

    • According to the index, Japan has the world strongest passport. Japan has been has been holding top rank positions for the past three years. According to the 2020 index, the citizen of Japan can access 191 destinations without the necessity of obtaining visa in advance.

    • Japan was followed by Singapore, Germany, South Korea at second, third and fourth places respectively.India ranked closer to the bottom at rank 84


    AWARDS



    1. ICC AWARDS 2019

    Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy :  Ben Stokes (England)

    Test Cricketer of the Year :  Pat Cummins (Australia)

    ODI Cricketer of the Year :  Rohit Sharma (India)

    T2oI Performance of the Year :  Deepak Chahar (India)

    Emerging Cricketer of the Year :  Marnus Labuschagne (Australia)

    Associate Cricketer of the Year :  Kyle Coetzer (Scotland)

    Spirit of Cricket Award :  Virat Kohli (India)

    David Shepherd Trophy for Umpire of the Year :  Richard Lingworth

    Fan’s Moment of the Year 2018 :  India wins U19 Cricket World Cup 2018

    Rachael Heyhoe Flint Award for ICC Women’s Cricketer of the Year :  Ellyse Perry (Australia)

    Icc Women’s ODI Player of the Year :  Ellyse Perry (Australia)

    Icc Women’s T20I Player of the Year :  Alyssa Healy (Australia)

    Icc Women’s Emerging Player of the Year:  Chanida Sutthiruang



    SUMMIT AND FESTIVALS



    1. 1ST EVER FOOD PROCESSING SUMMIT HOSTED BY LADAKH

    Union Territory Ladakh is hosting the 1st-ever Food Processing Summit to attract investors to the region. The summit is organized by the Ministry of Commerce & Industry & the Ministry of Food Processing Industries, the UT Administration of Ladakh. Ladakh has vast scope for investment in food Processing Industries in horticulture products like Apricot, Apple & agricultural produce like buckwheat & barley. The event is aim at encouraging the entrepreneurs to begin a Startup to tap the potential in the Food Processing Industries in Ladakh.

    Lieutenant Governor of Ladakh :  Radha Krishna Mathur


    2. 5TH SCIENCE FILM FESTIVAL STARTS IN GOA

    The 5th edition of Science Film Festival of India (SCI-FFI 2020) was started in Goa’s capital city Panaji. The aims of the festival are instilling the knowledge of science among the youth with the help of exhibitions, master classes, workshops & other activities. Films that have been selected to be screened at the event are Mission Mangal, Antariksham 9000 KMPH, Everest, Aamorie, and Terminator: Dark Fate, Geostorm & Virus among others. A special workshop titled Million SoUL will also be conducted by IIT Bombay on training about making solar lamps. The workshop is aimed at empowering people from backward communities. The workshop is also aim at teaching participants about the health, educational & environmental benefits of solar energy.

    Chief Minister of Goa: Pramod Sawant

    Governor of Goa:Satya Pal Malik


    3. 7TH EDITION OF COMMONWEALTH PARLIAMENTARY ASSOCIATION CONFERRENCE 2020

    The 7th Conference of Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (CPA) India Region will start in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla will inaugurate the conference. The main theme of the conference is the Role OF Legislators. In the Conference, delegates will discuss the Capacity Building of Legislators for Scrutinizing Budgetary Proposals & Ehancing Focus of Legislators on Legislative Business.

    Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh: Yogi Adityanath

    Governor of Uttar Pradesh: Anandiben Patel



    CURRENT AFFAIRS OF 31st DECEMBER

    National News



    1. Gen Bipin Rawat named as country’s 1st Chief of Defence Staff

    Indian Army General Bipin Rawat has been named as the country’s first Chief of Defence Staff (CDS). The Chief of Defence Staff will be a 4-star General, the principal military advisor to the defence minister, and will head the new Department of Military Affairs.

    • The Chief of Defence Staff will ensure the jointness in training, logistics and procurement of the three services. General Rawat is the first officer to hold the post of the Chief of Defence Staff

    • The Defence Ministry had also amended the army, air force and navy rules by bringing in a new clause that allows the CDS to serve upto a maximum age of 65 years.

    • The CDS will administer all tri-services organisations, but their command will be with the Chief of the service which has a predominant role in their functioning.


    International News



    1. Christina Koch records longest single spaceflight by woman

    NASA Astronaut Christina Koch has created a record for the longest single spaceflight by a woman. She has surpassed the earlier record of 288 days in space which was previously established by NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson in 2017.

    • She would return to Earth in February 2020. Till then, she would have spent more than 300 days in the space. She is onboard the International Space Station since 14th March 2019.

    • The world record for the single longest mission by any space explorer whether man or woman, is held by cosmonaut Valery Polyakov, who spent 438 consecutive days on board Russia’s former space station Mir from January 1994 to March 1995.



    State News



    1. Hemant Soren sworn as CM of Jharkhand

    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha leader Hemant Soren was sworn in as the 11th Chief Minister of Jharkhand.

    • Governor of Jharkhand Droupadi Murmu has administered the oath of office and secrecy to Soren, in the presence of senior political leaders and chief ministers from across states.

    • This will be the 44-year-old JMM leader’s second stint as Jharkhand Chief Minister. In the just-conducted Assembly elections, the JMM, Congress and Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) alliance triumphed over the BJP, winning 47 seats in the 81 member House.


    Summits & Conferences



    1. New Delhi hosts 49th Border Coordination Conference between BSF & BGB

    49th Border Coordination Conference between border guarding forces of India and Bangladesh was held in New Delhi. The Indian delegation was headed by DG Border Security Force Vivek Kumar Johri and the Bangladesh delegation was headed by DG of Border Guards Bangladesh (BGB) Md Shafeenul Islam.

    • The conference focused on co-operation in Border Guarding and Border Management between the two forces. During the conference, both forces agreed to make all possible efforts to curb the menace of cattle smuggling or any other criminal activity and to ensure tranquility on the borders.



    Banking & Economy News



    1. Finance Minister launches an e-auction platform “eBkray”

    Finance Minister has launched an e-auction platform “eBkray“. The platform will enable online auction of attached assets by banks. The platform provides navigational links to all PSB e-auction sites, property search feature.

    • It also presents single-window access to information on properties up for e-auction, comparison of similar properties, and also contains videos and photographs of the uploaded properties.

    • Indian Banks Auctions Mortgaged Properties Information (IBAPI) portal is an initiative of Indian Banks Association under the policy of the Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance was launched to provide a platform to give details of mortgaged properties to be auctioned online by Banks, starting with PSBs.


    2. SBI to implement OTP-based ATM cash withdrawals from January 1 2020

    State Bank of India will introduce One Time Password (OTP)-based ATM cash withdrawals. The step has been taken to reduce the occurrences of unauthorised transactions happening at ATMs. SBI will introduce one-time password for every cash withdrawal of Rs 10,000 and above between 8 am and 8 pm.

    • The OTP-based cash withdrawal will be effective from January 1, 2020 across all SBI ATMs. When an SBI cardholder will enter the amount of cash he/she wishes to withdraw, a screen will appear asking for the OTP. The customer will then have to put the OTP that the bank will send to the registered mobile number.

    • OTP is a system-generated string of numeric characters that allow users to make a single transaction. The facility will not be applicable at other banks’ ATM as this functionality has not been developed in National Financial Switch (NFS).



    Business News



    1. HDFC Life partners with Paytm to expand its distribution

    HDFC Life Insurance has partnered with Paytm to expand its distribution. The partnership is aimed to enable customers of Paytm to purchase insurance products from HDFC Life. HDFC Life Insurance is constantly exploring opportunities to create and sustain new partnerships to strengthen its distribution network.

    • With the partnership, HDFC Life Insurance aims to increase insurance penetration in India and to simplify the customers experience right from the purchase to the claim process.


    2. Mastercard signs agreement to acquire RiskReckon

    Mastercard has announced an agreement to acquire RiskRecon. RiskRecon is one of the leading providers of data analytics solutions and artificial intelligence focused on cyber-risk and security and offering solutions to mitigate cyber risks faced by the companies.

    • The acquisition would enhance the cyber-security systems for MasterCard which offers payment processing services on a global scale.


    Obituaries



    1. Vishwesha Tirtha Swami of Pejawar Mutt passes away

    The pontiff of Pejawar Mutt, Vishwesha Tirtha Swami passed away in Udupi. He was born at Ramakujna in Dakshina Kannada district on April 27, 1931.

    • He was ordained as a monk at the age of eight in 1938, as the 33rd seer in the linage or ‘guru parampara’ of the Pejawar Mutt.

    • Vishwesha Tirtha Swami made history by becoming the only seer among the seers of the Ashta Mutts (eight mutts) of Udupi, which propagate the Dwaita philosophy, to have performed five biennial Paryayas.


    Defence



    1. Home Minister lays foundation stone of CRPF Headquarters in New Delhi

    Union Home Minister laid the foundation stone of Directorate General Building of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) in New Delhi.

    • The new building at a cost of Rs 280 crore will have all modern facilities and green amenities. It will also have effective control and command system with modern training modules for 3.5 lakh strong force to enhance their operational capability.

    • The Home Minister also launched a new logo “Garud” for those engaged in providing security to the common man and VIPs.


    Sports News



    1. Australia paceman Peter Siddle retires from international cricket

    Australian pace bowler Peter Siddle has announced his retirement from International Cricket. In his career of 11 years, he represented Australia in 67 Tests, 20 ODIs and 2 Twenty20 matches.

    • He took 221 wickets in 67 Test matches. He started his International Cricket career against India in 2008.


    2. Kohli & Bumrah named in Wisden’s T20I Team of the decade

    India skipper Virat Kohli and pace bowler Jasprit Bumrah were the only Indians in Wisden’s T20 International team of the decade.

    • Australia’s limited overs skipper Aaron Finch was named captain of the Wisden’s T20 International team of the decade.

    • Here is the complete Wisden’s T20I team of the decade: Aaron Finch (c), Colin Munro, Virat Kohli, Shane Watson, Glenn Maxwell, Jos Buttler, Mohammad Nabi, David Willey, Rashid Khan, Jasprit Bumrah, Lasith Malinga.


    3. Koneru Humpy becomes women’s World Rapid champion

    Indian Grandmaster Koneru Humpy wins the World Women’s Rapid Chess Championship held in Moscow, Russia. She won the title after drawing the Armageddon game against Lei Tingjie of China. Humpy lost the first tie-break game and then won the second to reach the Armageddon game.

    • China’s Lei Tingjie won the silver and Ekaterina Atalik of Turkey settled with bronze. Humpy is only the second Indian to win the rapid gold in the current format after Vishwanathan Anand who won it in 2017.


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